WE ANALYZED 3.74 MILLION WORDS OF CONTENT AND 3 DIFFERENT CASE STUDIES OF
TOTAL 44,909 CONFIRMED CASES

Here’s What We Learned
About Coronavirus Disease 2019

(COVID-19)

corona

CHAPTER 1:

Understanding Coronavirus

Since the past, humans have encountered many types of viruses, epidemics, and pandemics, and are currently battling an outbreak of a deadly disease called Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was first reported on 31 December 2019 in Wuhan city of China, has now been declared a global health emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO).

To better understand the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), we analyzed 3.74 million words of content, smashed them together, shook them up, and came up with some astonishing insights. Our focus was to understand exactly how Coronavirus spreads and how it can affect your health.

And now it’s time to share what we discovered.

In this comprehensive guide, you will learn everything you need to know about Coronavirus Disease, from coronavirus basics to its symptoms to its spread to its prevention.

And by the end of this guide, you will get answers to all the questions that are arising in your mind right now.

So without further ado, let’s dive right in.

What is a Coronavirus?

People without thinking and without studying are making comments on social media that “coronavirus is just a common cold.”

Yes, cold is an early symptom of novel coronavirus infection, but that does not mean that coronavirus is just that. Therefore, to understand the coronavirus completely, it is important to know its history first.

Coronavirus is a family of viruses, which, when viewed from the microscope, crown, or halo-like spikes are seen on their surface.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the first human coronavirus was seen in the mid-1960s. After that, seven such coronaviruses have been identified that can infect humans.

The four coronaviruses that are common and not too dangerous are:

  • 229E (alpha coronavirus)
  • NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
  • OC43 (beta coronavirus)
  • HKU1 (beta coronavirus)

These four viruses usually cause common cold in humans, and almost all people, at least once in their lives, are definitely infected with one or more of these viruses.

Coronavirus fact: There is no cure for the common cold.

Then, three coronaviruses can cause great harm to humans:

  • SARS-CoV (beta coronavirus)
  • MERS-CoV (beta coronavirus)
  • COVID-19 (previously known as 2019-nCoV)

Let us first tell you about these three diseases in brief:

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), a viral respiratory illness caused by the SARS-CoV virus, was first seen in China in 2003.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), a viral respiratory illness caused by the MERS-CoV virus, was first seen in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a new coronavirus outbreak that was first encountered in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

Coronavirus fact: We are still in the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak, and unlike any other common cold, there is currently no medication or vaccine available to prevent or treat this new virus.

You must be thinking, how dangerous is this COVID-19 outbreak, and how much should you worry about it?

Well, for this analysis, we analyzed some worst coronavirus outbreaks in history and compared them with the current ongoing COVID-19 outbreak.

For your information, below we are listing the ten worst virus outbreaks of history so far:

* the following data is still changing

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), which was first identified in 2002, had about 8098 people infected, of which around 774 people died. This coronavirus outbreak had a fatality rate of about 10 percent.

Similarly, about 2494 people were infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which was first identified in 2012, out of which around 858 people died. The fatality rate of this coronavirus outbreak is much higher than SARS, which is close to 35 percent.

And currently, 109,609 people have been infected from the ongoing Corona Virus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) from December 2019 to March 8, 2020, out of which about 3800 have died. And COVID-19 currently has a fatality rate of around 3.46%.

And if we compare these three coronavirus outbreaks then we get the following data:

  1. COVID-19 has the highest number of coronavirus infections, followed by SARS and MERS.
  2. COVID-19 also has the highest number of coronavirus deaths, followed by SARS and MERS.
  3. COVID-19 has the lowest fatality rate among all coronavirus infections.
  4. When comparing coronavirus infections against one another, COVID-19 is the most widely spread virus in less time.

Although the fatality rate of COVID-19 is lower than that of SARS and MERS, the nature of this virus indicates that it is growing very rapidly.

To understand the increasing number of infections from the COVID-19 outbreak, we have created a line graph for you.

the data is based on WHO situation reports from 21 Jan to 17 Feb

According to the WHO’s COVID-2019 situation reports, the number of people affected on January 21, 2020, which was 282, the same number increased to 4593 on January 28, 2020, next week, and not only that, this number was later expanded to 71,429 in just four weeks.

That means about a 252% increase in the number of infected people in just 4 weeks. 

Isn’t that HUGE?

Well, don’t look at the digits, but try to understand how fast the number of people infected with COVID-19 is increasing by looking at the graph.

Day by day, along with the number of people infected with COVID-19, the number of dead is also increasing.

the data is based on WHO situation reports from 21 Jan to 17 Feb

According to the same situation report of WHO, the number of people who died from COVID-19 which was only 3 on January 21, the same number increased to 106 on January 28 next week and not only this, in just four weeks, the number of dead has touched the figure of 1775.

Which shows a fatality rate of about 2.5 percent, which has now increased to around 3.5 percent.

And, that means: out of every 100 infected people, at least 3 to 4 people are dying due to COVID-19.

You may find this fatality rate lower than SARS and MERS, but the pace with which COVID-19 is infecting people, it is possible that in the coming few months, tens of millions of people will be affected by this virus.

In fact, a few days ago, the World Health Organization has said  that it may take about 18 months to prepare a COVID-19 vaccine.

This means that all countries will have to use their already available resources until the vaccine of COVID-19 is made.

So in such a situation, the responsibility of protecting yourself from infection remains your own. And how you can prevent your coronavirus infection, we will mention it in the upcoming parts of this guide.

So let’s move ahead now.

Where Did This New Coronavirus Come From?

In late December 2019, China’s public health officials informed the World Health Organization about an unknown virus that is causing diseases like pneumonia in people.

And the following week, on 7 January, the WHO announced that the pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan city of China is due to a newly emerging virus of the coronavirus family. They also added the virus is spreading rapidly in and out of the city.

Since then, medical scientists around the world have been trying to find out where the new coronavirus came from. Many of them believe that the origin of this outbreak can be the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.

Which Animal Transmitted the Virus to Humans?

According to a report by The Lancet, as of January 2, 2020, in Wuhan, 41 patients admitted to the hospital were found to be infected with COVID-19, and 27 of them had direct contact with the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.

Researchers believe the COVID-19 infection spread to humans from animals being sold in Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.

In further observation, samples of animals of the market were also taken between January 1 to January 12. And at the end of the month, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention made it clear that 33 out of 585 animal specimens were infected with the coronavirus.

Even after discovering that COVID-19 has been transmitted from animal to human, it is unclear what type of animal the virus originated from.

A research team from China, looking at the genetic code of the virus, claimed that the coronavirus came from snakes. While in another analysis, it was found that the genetic sequence of this new virus matches 96 percent of the coronavirus found in the bats.

Considering both these analyses, for coronavirus outbreak, either of the snakes and bats can be considered as a culprit. And, since some snakes eat bats, bats are probably supposed to be the origin.

But, to be fair, snakes and bats have not tried to spread this disease, but humans have bought them from live animal markets to feed their hunger and have themselves become the victim of infection.

Therefore, to not have such outbreaks in the future, it is necessary to ban such live animal markets across the world.

COVID-19 Update: On February 7, 2020, researchers in Guangzhou, China, suggested that pangolins are the most probable animal source of the coronavirus outbreak.

How did Coronavirus Spread by the Pangolins?

Researchers have already suggested that COVID-19 originally came from bats. But the virus was probably transmitted to humans by another animal.

Yes, you heard that right.

In the latest research jointly conducted by Shen Yongyi and Xiao Lihua of South China Agricultural University in Guangzhou, shows that pangolins are the potential intermediate host for a new type of coronavirus.

According to their research, the genetic sequence of the virus found in pangolins had 99% similarity with the genetics of new coronavirus.

But what is the connection between Pangolins and China? Let’s understand:

Pangolins are the only mammals wholly-covered in scales- which they use to protect themselves from predators in the wild.

In China, traditional medicines are made from scales of Pangolins, which are used to treat problems like arthritis, menstrual pain, and skin conditions. Not only this, pangolin meat and blood are considered a delicacy in China.

This is why Pangolins are in high demand in China.

But do you know that Pangolins are a very rare and endangered species of mammals? They are one of the protected species under national and international laws. In China, if a person is found selling Pangolins in any way, he can be imprisoned for up to 10 years.

So the question arises that despite such strict rules, how are the people of China fulfilling the demand for rare and endangered Pangolins?

Well, the answer is very simple: illegal poaching and trafficking of Pangolins.

According to the South China Morning Post, the population of pangolin has decreased by 90 percent in China from 1960 to 2004, due to the commercialization of pangolin.

Although officially, it is not possible to sell pangolin in the Hunan seafood wholesale market. But it may be possible that due to the high demand for pangolin, people are selling them in the market illegally.

And what if the illegally sold pangolins are already infected with coronavirus? Yes, it is possible.

According to a research report published on 24 October 2019, coronavirus is probably responsible for killing a large number of Malayan pangolins.

So it is possible that the pangolins being sold in the market may be one of them which may not have died at that time but have been infected with the coronavirus.

Therefore, looking at the facts, it can be concluded that in the Hunan Seafood Wholesale Market, people were illegally selling “coronavirus infected pangolins” along with other animals without the intention of harming anyone.

And accidentally, the coronavirus outbreak happened from there.

And if, in reality, illegal animal trade is the reason for the coronavirus outbreak, then it will be challenging to get to the root of the virus outbreak because people may have already erased all the evidence from the market for fear of being caught in illegal trading.

CHAPTER 2:

People Most Vulnerable To Coronavirus

Who are Most at Risk of Coronavirus?

Looking at the first cases of COVID-19, it seemed that the disease is not as severe as SARS and MERS. But the increasing number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 and evidence of human-to-human transmission of the virus proved that 2019-nCoV is more contagious than the other two coronaviruses SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.

To find out how dangerous this coronavirus is for different individuals, China’s health officials released a report after studying 44,672 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Mainland China as of February 11, 2020.

To our knowledge, this is the first most significant study since the coronavirus outbreak.

And now it’s time to share what they discovered. Here’s the summary of their key findings:

  1. Out of 44,672 confirmed cases, a total of 1,023 people died with a fatality rate of 2.3 percent.
  2. In the list of confirmed cases, persons aged 50–59 came in first place with 22.4%, persons aged 60–69 came in second place with 19.2%, and persons aged 40–49 came in third place with 19.2%.
  3. Among confirmed cases, 51.4% are male and 48.6% are female.
  4. There are 25.2% of confirmed cases who were already facing some medical conditions.
  5. In confirmed cases, 22.0% of people are labor or farmers, and 20.6% are retired people.
  6. Only 4.7% of the 44,415 confirmed cases were those who had a critical coronavirus infection.
  7. The elderly population is more among those who die from virus infection. Of which 30.5% are aged 70–79, 30.2% are aged 60–69, and 20.3% are above 80 years.
  8. Only 36.2% of the people who die from virus infection are women, and the remaining are men.
  9. 46.1% of the people who died from virus infection are those who have retired.
  10. Among those who died from virus infection, 39.7% of people were suffering from hypertension, 22.7% of people with cardiovascular disease, and 19.7% of people with diabetes.
  11. Among people 80 years or above, the fatality rate was found to be the highest at 14.8%.
  12. The report found men’s fatality rate to be 2.8% and women’s fatality rate of 1.7%.
  13. Compared to other occupations, the fatality rate of retirees was found to be the highest at 5.1%.
  14. People suffering from cardiovascular disease were found to have the highest fatality rate of 10.5%, compared to other diseases.

We have detailed data and information on the analysis below.

Detailed Breakdown of the Analysis:

The analysis included a total of 72,314 unique records as of February 11, 2020, out of which 44,672 cases were confirmed to be infected with the coronavirus.

According to the analysis, out of 44,672 confirmed cases, a total of 1,023 deaths occurred at a 2.3% fatality rate.

To understand the pattern of coronavirus infection, below, we have explained the analysis with the help of graphs in 7 different parts. Which are as follows:

  1. Age
  2. Sex
  3. Occupation
  4. Province
  5. Wuhan-related exposure
  6. Medical condition
  7. Case severity

Analysis by Age:

In the analysis, there are 9 different classes of people according to age, in which 0–9 years, 10–19 years, 20–29 years, 30–39 years, 40–49 years, 50–59 years, 60–69 years, 70–79 years, and ≥80 years old people are included.

The study shows people aged 30 years to 79 years are the highest in the list of confirmed cases of COVID-19.

50–59 years by far is the most coronavirus-infected age group (with 22.4% of people). 60–69 years (19.2%), 40–49 years (19.2%), 30–39 years (17.0%) age groups are also fairly infected.

However, if you look up the graph, not by confirmed cases but by death cases, you’ll get a completely different number.

The study shows people aged 50 years and above are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19.

70–79 years by far is the age group with most coronavirus deaths (with 30.5% of people). 60–69 years (30.2%), ≥80 years (20.3%), 50–59 years (12.7%) age groups are also popular in the same list.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, we calculated the fatality rate of different age groups.

The study found the fatality rate according to the age of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in older people and lower in younger people.

≥80 years by far is the age group with most coronavirus fatalities (with 14.8% of people). And 0-9 years is the age group with the least coronavirus fatalities (with 0.0% of people).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that elderly people are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Sex:

In this analysis, including both male and female, their confirmed cases, death cases, and fatality rates are studied separately.

The study did not find much difference in confirmed cases of men and women. Males represent the majority of confirmed COVID-19 cases (51.4%), followed by female cases (48.6%). 

However, if you look up the graph, not by confirmed cases but by death cases, you’ll get a completely different number.

The study shows males are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19. 63.8% of people who died from COVID-19 are male, and 36.2% are female.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, according to sex, we calculated the fatality rate of both genders.

The study found the fatality rate according to the sex of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in males and lower in females.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that males are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Occupation:

In the analysis, there are 5 different classes of people according to the occupation, in which service industry, farmer/laborer, health worker, retiree, and other/none people are included.

Other/none by far is the most coronavirus-infected occupation (with 45.9% of people). Farmer/laborer (22.0%), Retiree (20.6%), Service industry (7.7%), Health worker (3.8%), occupation groups are also fairly infected.

However, if you look up the graph, not by confirmed cases but by death cases, you’ll get a completely different number.

The study shows Retiree are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19.

Retiree, by far, is the occupation group with most coronavirus deaths (with 46.1% of people). Other/none (37.5%), Farmer/laborer (13.6%), Service industry (2.2%), and Health worker (0.5%) occupation groups are also popular in the same list.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, we calculated the fatality rate of different occupation groups.

The study found the fatality rate according to the occupation of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in Retiree.

Retiree by far is the occupation group with most coronavirus fatalities (with 5.1% of people). And Health Worker is the occupation group with the least coronavirus fatalities (with 0.3% of people).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that retirees are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Province:

In this analysis, including Hubei and other provinces, their confirmed cases, death cases, and fatality rates are studied separately.

The study finds a considerable difference between confirmed cases of Hubei and other provinces. Hubei represents the majority of confirmed COVID-19 cases (74.7%).

The study shows people related to Hubei are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19. 95.7% of people who died from COVID-19 are related to Hubei, and only 4.3% are related to other provinces.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, according to the province, we calculated the fatality rate of Hubei and other provinces.

The study found the fatality rate according to the province of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in Hubei (2.9%) as compared to other regions (0.4%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people related to the Hubei province are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Wuhan-Related Exposure:

In the analysis, a total of 37,269 patients are included in 2 different classes. First, those who have contact with Wuhan and the others who have no connection with Wuhan.

The study finds a considerable difference between confirmed cases of people who have contact with Wuhan and the others who have no connection with Wuhan. People with Wuhan-related exposure represent the majority of confirmed COVID-19 cases (85.8%).

The study shows that people who have contact with Wuhan are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19. 92.8% of people who died from COVID-19 had contact with Hubei, while only 9.2% did not.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, according to Wuhan-related exposure, we calculated the fatality rates.

The study found the fatality rate according to the Wuhan-related exposure of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in people who have contact with Wuhan (2.7%) as compared to the people who didn’t (1.2%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people who have direct contact with Wuhan are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Medical Condition:

In the analysis, there are 6 different classes of people according to medical conditions, in which a total of 20,812 people with Hypertension, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, Chronic respiratory disease, Cancer (any), and None medical conditions are included.

The study shows people with no medical condition are the highest in the list of confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Hypertension, by far, is the most coronavirus-infected medical condition (with 12.9% of people). Diabetes (5.3%), Cardiovascular disease (4.2%), Chronic respiratory disease (2.5%), and Cancer (0.5%) medical conditions are also fairly infected.

However, if you look up the graph, not by confirmed cases but by death cases, you’ll get a completely different number.

The study shows people with Hypertension are the highest in the list of death cases of COVID-19.

Hypertension, by far, is the medical condition with most coronavirus deaths (with 31.9% of people). Cardiovascular disease (18.3%), Diabetes (15.9%), Chronic respiratory disease (6.3%), and Cancer (1.2%) medical conditions are also popular on the same list.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, we calculated the fatality rate of different medical conditions.

The study found the fatality rate according to the medical condition of the people. The fatality rate was found to be higher in people with Cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular disease by far is the medical condition with most coronavirus fatality rates (with 10.5% of people), followed by Diabetes (7.3%), Chronic respiratory disease (6.3%), Hypertension (6.0%), and Cancer (5.6%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people with medical conditions such as Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, Chronic respiratory disease, Hypertension, and Cancer are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Analysis by Case Severity:

In the analysis, there are 3 different classes of people according to case severity, in which a total of 44,415 people with Mild, Severe, and Critical cases are included.

The study shows people with mild case severity are the highest in the list of confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Mild by far is the most coronavirus-infected case severity (with 81.4% of people). Severe (13.9%), and Critical (4.7%) case severities are also fairly infected.

However, if you look up the graph, not by confirmed cases but by death cases, you’ll get a completely different number.

The study shows only people with Critical case severity are in the list of death cases of COVID-19.

Next, taking into account the confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19, we calculated the fatality rate of different case severities.

The study found fatalities according to the case severity of the people and saw fatal outcomes only in those suffering from critical case severity.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people with critical case severity are probably at the highest health risk from COVID-19.

Result of the Study:

This case study has told us a lot about the people who are most vulnerable to coronavirus. We found this case study interesting because it contains 44,672 confirmed cases of COVID-19, which is much larger in number than any other study.

Here’s the result of the study in short:

  • Most coronavirus vulnerable gender: Male
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable age: 50+
  • Most coronavirus occupation: Retiree (which are usually old people)
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable medical conditions: Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Respiratory Disease, Hypertension and Diabetes

Researchers found in the study that this novel coronavirus is highly contagious. It has spread extremely rapidly from a single city to the entire country within only about 30 days.

We learned a lot about coronavirus from this study, and we hope you did too.

We have also discussed the pattern of the coronavirus in detail, here in the Chapter 6: Coronavirus Case Studies

And now is the time to move to the next chapter.

COVID-19 Fact: Chinese research finds, people with blood type 'A' are at highest risk of coronavirus infection and people with blood type 'O' are at least risk.

CHAPTER 3:

COVID-19 Symptoms

What Are The Symptoms Of COVID-19?

Since COVID-19 is still a new disease, doctors are still in its research and are learning new things about it daily.

A study conducted at around 138 patients at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University found that among those infected with the new coronavirus, about 99% of people had a fever. At the same time, more than half experienced fatigue and a dry cough, and about one-third of the people experienced muscle pain and difficulty breathing.

In confirmed cases of COVID-19, symptoms range from mild to severe, starting with a cold and fever. As symptoms are similar to the flu, the disease becomes more challenging to detect. Most common symptoms of COVID-19 may include:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Myalgia
  • Pneumonia

Less common symptoms of COVID-19 may consist of:

  • Runny Nose
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Passing out

The complete list of symptoms is still under analysis.

Prevention is always better than cure. If you have a cough, fever, or you have connection with an infected person or a major outbreak area, get yourself tested for coronavirus infection immediately.

When to consult a doctor: If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, and you have recently been to China, you need to seek medical advice immediately.

How Long Will It Take for the Symptoms to Appear?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), symptoms of COVID-19 can take between 2 and 14 days to appear.

But a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found a patient’s incubation period to be 19 days long.

In that study, a 20-year-old woman who previously lived in Wuhan came to Anyang on January 10, after the virus outbreak. Three days later, she went to meet a sick patient (who was not infected with coronavirus) at Anyang District Hospital, along with five members of her family.

On January 17, one of the woman’s family members complained of fever and a sore throat. The following week, the other four relatives also complained of fever and shortness of breath. After that, all those relatives were admitted for investigation at the Fifth People’s Hospital on January 26.

And the investigation revealed that all the family members are infected with coronavirus, and the only woman who came in contact with those people from Wuhan was their 20-year-old relative.

Initially, when the woman was medically tested for coronavirus, no infection was detected. But when the woman was tested again one day later, the infection was detected, but the woman was still not showing any symptoms of COVID-19.

Doctors later revealed that the woman’s incubation period was 19 days long.

Besides, Zhong Nanshan, a Chinese scientist who underwent the discovery of SARS, also conducted a research in which he studied 1,099 laboratory-confirmed patients from 552 hospitals and took a median incubation period of 3 days (range, 0 to 24 days).

COVID-19 Incubation Period: A person can carry and transmit COVID-19 without showing symptoms from 1 to 24 days.

CHAPTER 4:

Coronavirus Transmission

How the COVID-19 Spreads?

The events of the last few weeks have made it clear that coronavirus, first seen in Wuhan, China, is now making tens of thousands of people sick worldwide.

As the virus outbreak develops day by day, the information related to it continues to change.

We’ve been following and providing the latest updates on COVID-19 since its outbreak.

Now we are going to tell you how this virus spreads. This information is based on studies conducted until February 25, 2020. But this information can be further developed based on scientific researches happening over time.

Here are the Reasons for the COVID-19 Spread:

COVID-19 spreads from one person to another, similar to other respiratory diseases such as the flu. Here are the possible ways of spreading coronavirus:

  • Transmission of the virus through droplets/particles.
  • Transmission of the virus through contaminated surfaces.
  • Transmission of the coronavirus through human feces.
  • Transmission of the virus through saliva.
  • Transmission of the virus through urine.

Transmission of the Virus Through Droplets/ Particles:

Droplet/ particles transmission is the leading cause of virus spread from person to person. When you cough or sneeze, you send droplets into the atmosphere, and others may fall ill when exposed to those infected droplets.

Transmission of the Virus Through Contaminated Surfaces:

If you cough or sneeze after being infected, your droplet falls on a surface and contaminates it. So later if a person comes in contact with that surface and touches his mouth, nose, or eyes, then he can fall ill.

Transmission of the Virus Through Human Feces:

Poor hand washing is a major cause of fecal-oral virus transmission. If you use the bathroom after being infected and do not take care of hygiene, then everything you come in contact with is contaminated by your feces. So later if a person comes in contact with those things and touches his mouth, nose, or eyes, then he can fall ill.

Transmission of the Virus Through Human Saliva:

If you are kissing someone or sharing food in the same plate, if the person is infected with coronavirus, then the virus can easily be transmitted orally from their saliva, even if they aren’t currently experiencing any symptoms.

Transmission of the Virus Through Urine:

The virus can be easily spread from person to person through infected person’s urine. There can be many ways of getting an infection this way. For example: If you use the same tap after going to the toilet that the person infected with coronavirus has previously washed his hands, then chances are that you too may be infected with the same virus later.

COVID-19 Fact: Many people mistakenly believe that COVID-19 is airborne, that it spreads through the air, but it is actually spread by droplets and particles of infected individuals.

CHAPTER 5:

Coronavirus Protection

How to Protect Yourself From COVID-19?

COVID-19 is still affecting most people in China and many other countries. Most people who become infected recover after experiencing mild illness, but there is always a possibility of infection by them. Therefore, it is important to take care of your health to avoid infection.

There are many things that you can do for your self-protection with the COVID-19. According to the World Health Organization, to keep yourself safe, you need to keep the following things in mind:

Wash Your Hands

Wash your hands with soap with clean running water. After applying soap, rub your hands for at least 20 seconds, then rinse the soap off and finally dry your hands thoroughly with the help of a clean paper towel, air dryer, or cloth hand towel.

Use Hand Sanitizer

If water and soap are not available, then use hand sanitizer. After applying the proper amount of hand sanitizer, rub both hands between your fingers, and under your nails, for at least 25 seconds till it dries quickly after absorbing in hands.

Don't Touch Your Face

If you need to touch your face, wash your hands first. If you touch your face with dirty hands, you may get an infection from the virus. So, before touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, wash both your hands thoroughly with soap and if the soap is not available, then use hand sanitizer.

Avoid Close Contact With People Who Are Sick

If you feel that someone is ill around you, try to stay away from him as much as possible, especially when he is coughing or sneezing. If for some reason you have to go to them, then after the meeting, wash both your hands thoroughly with soap and if the soap is not available then use hand sanitizer.

Stay Home

If you, your children or any of your family becomes ill, do not let that person go to school, office or any public place so that they do not spread the virus infection to others. For a person who is ill, he must stay in the house until he is fully recovered.

Cover Up When You Sneeze Or Cough

Viruses are spread from person to person during coughing and sneezing due to the transmission of droplets from the infected person's mouth and nose. Use tissue or paper towel whenever you cough or sneeze. If you do not have all that available at that time, then sneeze in the elbow.

Disinfect Surfaces And Clean Objects

Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that are often used, such as doorknobs, bathroom, kitchen, computer, phones, and toys. To clean, mix 3 teaspoons bleach in 1 gallon of water and spray it on the surface and objects, rinse after 3 minutes and let it air dry.

Avoid Hugging, Kissing, And Shaking Hands

Close contact with sick individuals is the easiest way to infect yourself with the virus. If for some reason you have to do a handshake, hug or kiss with them, then immediately wash both your hands thoroughly with soap and use hand sanitizer if the soap is not available.

Get The Flu Shot If You Haven't Already

A flu shot can help make your life easier. Although seasonal flu shot cannot directly protect you from coronavirus, it can reduce the severity of flu symptoms such as runny nose and cough. Thus, by avoiding the flu, you can also avoid being in a medical environment with coronavirus patients.

Drink Plenty Of Fluids

When you are sick, you get dehydrated quickly. Due to fever, moisture and electrolytes keep coming out of your body. Due to which your body starts to lack water. So, to restore your moisture levels and to get the bad stuff out of the body, consume sufficient fluids.

Get Enough Sleep

When you are sick, it affects your immune system, due to which your body needs more rest. Good sleep helps your body fight infection and disease better. Sleep helps in relaxing your body, making the mind more productive and refreshing your mood.

Cook Meat And Eggs Thoroughly

Scientists believe that coronavirus started in an animal and then spread in humans. Therefore, health officials recommend cooking meat and eggs well before eating. Apart from this, animals that have died due to some disease are not advised to eat.

Should I Wear a Mask to Protect Against the COVID-19?

There’s a fun fact about medical masks that you probably won’t know.

Medical masks are used to prevent infected people from spreading the virus, not to prevent an uninfected person from getting infected.

However, if you are living in an area that is affected by the coronavirus outbreak, then these medical masks can protect you from getting infected to some extent. But for this, you have to choose an effective mask for yourself, which can be a bit tricky.

If fitted well, the N95 is the best face mask as it can filter tiny particles up to 95%, which may possibly contain the virus. However, N95 respirators are not able to provide full protection to children and people with facial hair as it is not designed for them.

According to the FDA, normal persons may use the following types of N95 respirators at the time of public health medical emergencies:

  • 3M™ Particulate Respirator 8670F
  • 3M™ Particulate Respirator 8612F
  • Pasture Tm F550G Respirator
  • Pasture Tm A520G Respirator

Due to the high demand for N95 respirators, this mask has disappeared from the local market. Masks are available on some online stores like Amazon right now, but their prices have skyrocketed due to lack of supply.

How to Put On And Use Mask?

It is difficult for people other than medical professionals to put on and use the N95 mask. If you wear a mask, then you should know how to use it, how long to use it, and what to do with it after use.

According to WHO, masks are put on, used, taken off, and disposed of in this way:

Step 1: Before using a face mask, wash both your hands thoroughly with soap, and if the soap is not available, then use hand sanitizer.​

Step 2: Find the metal strip of the face mask, adjust it well above your nose bridge, and stick the elastic strings behind your ears. (While doing this, make sure your mouth, nose, and chin are covered well.)

Step 3: If you feel like moisture in the face mask, remove it from the face by holding it with elastic strings and throw it in a closed dustbin. (While doing this, note that you are not touching the front of the face mask as it may be contaminated.)

Step 4: Repeat Step 1 and Step 2 to wear a new dry face mask. (Never use single-use face masks again.)

Here is the video by WHO which shows the proper technique to put on a face mask in detail:

Currently, the N95 face mask is only recommended for infected patients and health professionals dealing with those patients. No face mask is advised for the general public yet. However, the general public can use these face masks for self-protection. 

According to a study, respiratory masks are successful in preventing infection only when they are used with frequent hand washing. Therefore, while using masks, it is important to clean your hands from time to time with soap or sanitizer.

Key conclusion: N95 face mask can reduce your chances of getting infected with coronavirus, but only when you are using it with proper guidelines. Also, it is essential to pay attention to your hygiene, such as washing your hands from time to time, not touching the front of masks, and keeping a distance from infected people.

CHAPTER 6:

Coronavirus Case Studies

Case Studies: Pattern of Coronavirus Infection

In this chapter, you are going to see two case studies to understand how coronavirus affects your body.

First, you will see a case study of 138 hospitalized patients and learn about their clinical characteristics.

Then you will see what symptoms the first 99 COVID-19 infected patients of Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital display.

Case Study #1: Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients

In December 2019, the novel Coronavirus outbreak began in Wuhan, China. The number of cases was increasing rapidly, but information on clinical characteristics shown by the suffering patients was limited.

Therefore, between January 1 and January 28, 2020, at the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, a detailed study of the cases of 138 hospitalized patients was done, which was later published in JAMA on February 7, 2020.

Here's the Summary of Their Key Findings:

  1. The study includes 138 hospitalized patients aged 22–92 years whose median age is 56 years.
  2. Of the 138 hospitalized patients, 75 (54.3%) are male, and 63 (45.7%) are female.
  3. Out of 138 hospitalized patients, 102 (73.9%) were admitted in isolation ward and 36 (26.1%) in ICU.
  4. ICU patients were older in age than non-ICU patients. The median age of ICU patients was 66 years, and the median age of non-ICU patients was 51 years.
  5. Of the 138 hospitalized patients, 64 (46.4%) already had one or more medical conditions. Hypertension (31.2%), diabetes (10.1%), cardiovascular disease (14.5%), and malignancy (7.2%) were the most common coexisting conditions.
  6. The most common symptoms at the onset of the disease were fever (98.6%), fatigue (69.6%), dry cough (59.4%), myalgia (34.8%), and dyspnea (31.2%).
  7. Out of 138 hospitalized patients, 57 (41.3%) people caught the virus infection in the hospital. Out of which 17 patients (12.3%) were already admitted in the hospital, and 40 were health care workers (29%) of the same hospital.
  8. The study suggests rapid person-to-person transmission of the virus. On average, each patient was spreading the infection to 2.2 others.

Here’s the detailed breakdown of the study:

Detailed Breakdown of the Study:

To understand the pattern of coronavirus infection with this case study, below, we have explained the study with the help of graphs in 3 different parts. Which are as follows:

  1. Sex
  2. Comorbidities
  3. Signs and symptoms

Analysis By Sex:

In this analysis, including both male and female, their ICU and Non-ICU cases are studied separately.

In total, hospitalized patients, males represent the majority with 75 infected cases (54.3%), followed by 63 female cases (45.7%).

After this, to understand the pattern better, we divided the total cases into two parts ICU patients and non-ICU patients.

In the ICU case, 22 males (61.1%) and 14 females (38.9%) had to be transferred to the Intensive Care Unit for further treatment.

In the Non-ICU case, 53 males (52%) and 49 females (48%) were treated in isolation wards.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that men are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Comorbidities:

In this analysis, we separately studied ICU and non-ICU cases of hospitalized patients admitted to Zhongnan Hospital, according to the comorbidities.

The study revealed that 64 out of 138 patients (46.4%) had 1 or more coexisting medical conditions.

In total, hospitalized patients, Hypertension medical condition represents the majority with 43 infected cases (31.2%). Followed by 20 Cardiovascular Disease cases (14.5%), 14 Diabetes cases (10.1%), 10 Malignancy cases (7.2%), 7 Cerebrovascular Disease cases (5.1%), 4 COPD cases (2.9%), 4 Chronic Kidney Disease cases (2.9%), 4 Chronic Liver Disease cases (2.9%) and 2 HIV infection cases (1.4%).

After this, to understand the pattern better, we divided the total cases into two parts ICU patients and non-ICU patients.

In the ICU case, Hypertension by far is the most coronavirus-infected medical condition (with 58.3% of people). Cardiovascular disease (25.0%), Diabetes (22.2%), Cerebrovascular Disease (16.7%), Malignancy (11.1%), COPD (8.3%), and Chronic Kidney Disease (5.6%) medical conditions are also fairly infected.

In the Non-ICU case, Hypertension by far is the most coronavirus-infected medical condition (with 21.6% of people). Cardiovascular disease (10.8%), Diabetes (5.9%), Malignancy (5.9%), Chronic Liver Disease (3.9%), Chronic Kidney Disease (2.0%), HIV Infection (2.0%), Cerebrovascular Disease (1.0%), and COPD (1.0%) medical conditions are also fairly infected.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people with medical conditions such as Hypertension, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, and Malignancy are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Signs and Symptoms:

In this analysis, we separately studied ICU and non-ICU cases of hospitalized patients admitted to Zhongnan Hospital, according to the signs and symptoms.

The study revealed early signs and symptoms of all hospitalized patients.

In total hospitalized patients, the most common symptom at onset of illness was fever (98.6%), followed by Fatigue (69.6%), Dry Cough (59.4%), Anorexia (39.9%), Myalgia (34.8%), Dyspnea (31.2%), Expectoration (26.8%), Pharyngalgia (17.4%), Diarrhea (10.1%), Nausea (10.1%), Dizziness (9.4%), Headache (6.5%), Vomiting (3.6%) and Abdominal Pain (2.2%). 

After this, to understand the pattern better, we divided the total cases into two parts ICU patients and non-ICU patients.

In the ICU case, the most common symptoms at the onset of illness were Fever (100%), Fatigue (80.6%), Anorexia (66.7%), Dyspnea (63.9%), and Dry Cough (58.3%). And less common symptoms were Myalgia (33.3%), Pharyngalgia (33.3%), Expectoration (22.2%), Dizziness (22.2%), Diarrhea (16.7%), Nausea (11.1%), Headache (8.3%), Vomiting (8.3%), and Abdominal Pain (8.3%).

In the Non-ICU case, the most common symptoms at the onset of illness were Fever (98.0%), Fatigue (65.7%), Dry Cough (59.8%), and Myalgia (35.3%). And less common symptoms were Expectoration (28.4%), Pharyngalgia (11.8%), Diarrhea (7.8%), Headache (5.9%), Dizziness (4.9%), and Vomiting (2.0%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that fever, Fatigue, dry cough, myalgia, and dyspnea are the most common early signs of coronavirus infection.

Result of the Study:

This case study has told us a lot about the pattern of coronavirus. We found this case study interesting because it focused mainly on the early symptoms of the COVID-19.

Here’s the result of the study in short:

  • Most coronavirus vulnerable gender: Male
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable age: 60+
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable medical conditions: Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Malignancy
  • Most common coronavirus symptoms: Fever, Fatigue, Dry Cough, Myalgia, and Dyspnea.
  • Coronavirus mode of transmission: Person-to-person
  • Coronavirus reproduction number: on average, 2.2

The study also revealed that patients who are mildly ill in the beginning can see major changes in their illness in a week. Patients can see the following changes in their illness:

  • Day 1 to 4: Mild signs and symptoms
  • Day 5 to 6: Shortness of breath
  • Day 7: Medical care in a hospital required
  • Day 8: Severe difficulty breathing

Doctors also found in these studies of patients that coronavirus infection is accompanied by pneumonia, which has effects in many parts of the body such as the blood clotting system, heart, kidney, liver, and lungs.

We learned a lot about coronavirus from this study, and we hope you did too.

We’d like to again thank JAMA for providing the data that made this research possible.

And now is the time to move to the second case study of coronavirus.

Case Study #2: Clinical Characteristics of 99 Confirmed Cases

Between January 1 and January 20, 2020, at the Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, a detailed study of the cases of 99 confirmed cases was done, which was later published in The Lancet on January 30, 2020.

All data of the study was obtained from the patients’ medical records. And if any data was missing or unclear, the researchers clarified the data by direct communication with attending doctors and other health care providers.

Here’s the Summary of Their Key Findings:

  1. Out of 99 confirmed cases, 11 people died, 31 were discharged, and 57 were still hospitalized.
  2. In the list of confirmed cases, persons aged 50–59 came in first place with 30%, persons aged 60–69 came in second place with 22%, and persons aged 40–49 came in third place with 22%.
  3. Among confirmed cases, 68% were male, and 32% were female.
  4. There were 51% of confirmed cases that were already facing some chronic medical illnesses.
  5. In confirmed cases, 64% of people were self-employed, 19% were retired, 15% were employees, and 2% were agricultural workers.
  6. 23% of the 99 confirmed cases had a critical coronavirus infection and were transferred to the intensive care unit.
  7. Among confirmed cases, 40% of people were suffering from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, 13% of people with endocrine system disease, 11% of people with digestive system disease, 1% people with a malignant tumor, and 1% people with nervous system disease.
  8. The most common symptoms at the onset of the disease were fever (83%), cough (82%), shortness of breath (31%), muscle ache (11%), confusion (9%), headache (8%) and sore throat (5%).
  9. The less common symptoms at the onset of the disease were rhinorrhoea (4%), chest pain (2%), diarrhoea (2%), and nausea-vomiting (1%).
  10. 90% of the 99 confirmed cases had more than one sign or symptom.
  11. All 99 people had pneumonia. 75% of them had bilateral pneumonia, and 25% had unilateral pneumonia.
  12. Out of all 99 confirmed cases, 76% had oxygen therapy, 76% had antiviral treatment, 71% had antibiotic treatment, 27% had intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, 19% had glucocorticoids, 17% had mechanical ventilation, 15% had antifungal treatment, 9% had CRRT, and 3% had ECMO.

We have detailed data and information on the analysis below.

Detailed Breakdown of the Study:

To understand the pattern of coronavirus infection with this case study, below, we have explained the study with the help of graphs in 8 different parts. Which are as follows:

  1. Age
  2. Sex
  3. Occupation
  4. Chronic medical illness
  5. Clinical outcome
  6. Signs and symptoms
  7. Pneumonia
  8. Treatment

Analysis By Age:

In the analysis, there are 9 different classes of people according to age, in which ≤39 years, 40–49 years, 50–59 years, 60–69 years, and ≥70 years old people are included.

The study shows people aged 40 years and above are the highest in the list of confirmed cases of coronavirus infection.

50–59 years by far is the most coronavirus-infected age group (with 30% of people). 60–69 years (22%), 40–49 years (22%), and ≥70 years (15%) age groups are also fairly infected.

And, the median age of all confirmed cases is 55·5 years.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that elderly people are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Sex:

In this analysis, including both male and female, their confirmed cases are studied separately.

In total confirmed cases, males represent the majority with 67 infected cases (68%), followed by 32 female cases (32%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that males are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Occupation:

In the analysis, there are 4 different classes of people according to the occupation, in which agricultural workers, self-employed, employees, and retired people are included.

The study shows self-employed are the highest in the list of confirmed cases of coronavirus infection.

Self-employed, by far, is the occupation group with most coronavirus confirmed cases (with 64% of people). Retired (19%), Employee (15%), and Agriculture worker (2%) occupation groups are also popular in the same list.

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that self-employed persons such as salesmen are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Chronic Medical Illness:

In the analysis, there are 6 different classes of people according to chronic medical illness. In which people with Cardiovascular & cerebrovascular diseases, Digestive system disease, Endocrine system disease, Malignant tumor, Nervous system disease, and Respiratory system disease, chronic medical illness are included.

The study revealed that 50 out of 99 patients (51%) had one or more coexisting chronic medical illnesses.

In total confirmed cases, Cardiovascular & cerebrovascular diseases chronic medical illness represent the majority with 40 infected cases (40%). Followed by 13 Endocrine system disease cases (13%), 11 Digestive system disease cases (11%), 1 Malignant case (1%), 1 Nervous system disease case (1%), and 1 Respiratory system disease case (1%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that people with chronic medical conditions such as Cardiovascular & cerebrovascular diseases, Endocrine system disease (diabetes), and Digestive system disease are probably at the highest health risk from coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Clinical Outcome:

In the analysis, there are 3 different classes of people according to clinical outcome. In which people who remained in the hospital, who were discharged, and who died have been included.

The study shows that as of 25 January, 31 (31%) patients had been discharged, and 11 (11%) patients had died, and another 57 (58%) patients were still in the hospital.

Key conclusion: The study of all graphs suggests that coronavirus infection is probably very dangerous, as only 31 percent of the 98 people were discharged.

Analysis By Signs and Symptoms:

In this analysis, we studied all confirmed cases admitted in Jinyintan Hospital, according to the signs and symptoms.

The study revealed early signs and symptoms of all confirmed cases.

In total confirmed cases, the most common symptom at onset of illness was fever (83%), followed by cough (82%), shortness of breath (31%), muscle ache (11%), confusion (9%), headache (8%), sore throat (5%), rhinorrhea (4%), chest pain (2%), diarrhoea (2%) and nausea & vomiting (1%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that fever, cough, shortness of breath, and muscle ache are the most common early signs of coronavirus infection.

Analysis By Pneumonia:

In this analysis, we separately studied unilateral pneumonia and bilateral pneumonia cases of confirmed cases admitted in Jinyintan Hospital.

In total confirmed cases, bilateral pneumonia represents the majority with 74 infected cases (75%), followed by 25 unilateral pneumonia cases (25%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that coronavirus infection causes pneumonia in all patients.

Analysis By Treatment:

In this analysis, we studied all confirmed cases admitted in Jinyintan Hospital, according to the treatment they received.

In all confirmed cases, the most common treatments of illness were antiviral treatment (76%) and oxygen therapy (76%). Followed by antibiotic treatment (71%), intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (27%), glucocorticoids (19%), mechanical ventilation (17%), antifungal treatment (15%), continuous renal replacement therapy (9%), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (3%).

Key conclusion: Studying all the graphs suggests that antiviral treatment, oxygen therapy, and antibiotic treatment are the most common treatments of coronavirus infection till now.

Result of the Study:

This case study has told us a lot about the pattern of coronavirus. We found this case study interesting because it focused mainly on treatments of the COVID-19.

Here’s the result of the study in short:

  • Most coronavirus vulnerable gender: Male
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable age: 50+
  • Most coronavirus occupation: Self-employed (such as salesman)
  • Most coronavirus vulnerable chronic medical illness: Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Diseases, Endocrine system disease (such as Diabetes) and Digestive system disease
  • Most common coronavirus symptoms: Fever, Cough, Shortness of Breath, and Muscle Ache.
  • Most common coronavirus treatments: Antiviral Treatment, Oxygen Therapy, and Antibiotic Treatment

Doctors found in the study that in coronavirus infection, all people get pneumonia, which becomes more severe over time, and that made their bodies less capable of fighting the virus.

The study also revealed that the first two deaths occurred of men who had no serious health issues, but they were long-term smokers. Both of them were experiencing severe breathing problems due to coronavirus infection, and eventually, they died due to lung-related complications.

We learned a lot about coronavirus from this study, and we hope you did too.

We’d like to again thank The Lancet for providing the data that made this research possible.

And now is the time to move to the next chapter.

CHAPTER 7:

Coronavirus Rumors vs. Facts

COVID-19 Rumors vs. Facts: Biggest Coronavirus Myths Busted

Just as the outbreak of coronavirus has caused a storm of infection in people around the world, there has been a flood of articles about the outbreak on social media. Unfortunately, in this flood of articles, it can be difficult for a common man to separate facts from rumors.

And during a viral outbreak, rumors and misinformation can spread unnecessary fear and panic among people. 

So here at Healthroid, we have compiled a long list of the biggest myths about the novel coronavirus and the associated disease COVID-19 to discover the truth and explain how these rumors are misleading. 

Let’s dive right in.

‣ Myth: "This coronavirus was developed in a biological warfare lab and intentionally leaked."

Fact: No, no part of this rumor is correct. Scientists around the world continue to look at the origin of the virus until now. Scientists believe that coronaviruses likely originated from pangolins, just like many other viruses that have recently emerged in humans from wildlife.

‣ Myth: "An ultraviolet disinfection lamp can kill the new coronavirus."

Fact: No, according to WHO, UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands, or other areas of skin as UV radiation can cause skin irritation.

‣ Myth: "China lied about coronavirus case numbers."

Fact: The truth is that no one is aware of the exact figures of coronavirus cases in China. By the way, if history is seen, China has messed up the data in other coronavirus epidemics in the past. According to The Epoch Times, some leaked documents reveal that the real figures in the Shandong Province of China are up to 52 times higher than the reported figures.

‣ Myth: "The coronavirus can be killed with a hand dryer."

Fact: It is essential to take care of the hygiene of your hands to protect yourself from coronavirus. For this, you need to wash your hands from time to time with alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and running water. Yes, after that, you can dry your hands with the hand dryer.

‣ Myth: "A vaccine is ready for the novel coronavirus that was patented many years ago."

Fact: There is no patent for the recently discovered new coronavirus. The wrong information was given in a Facebook post that a person named Jacob Rothschild owns the patent for Novel Coronavirus, which was later proved wrong by the Fullfact website by fact-checking. Instead, according to The Verge, the coronavirus vaccine will take a long time to come because vaccine development has just started from scratch.

‣ Myth: "Thermal scanners are effective in detecting people infected with the new coronavirus."

Fact: Thermal scanners cannot detect whether someone is infected with a coronavirus. Thermal scanners work only to measure the rise in the body temperature (fever) of people due to viral infection, whether it is a new coronavirus or any other virus. It takes 2 to 14 days for a person suffering from coronavirus to show symptoms. In such a situation, if a person is infected but is not showing signs of fever, then Thermal scanners also do not provide any information about the coronavirus infection.

‣ Myth: "Lysol and Clorox products can kill the novel coronavirus."

Fact: Popular brands Lysol and Clorox have mentioned in their labeling, they have a 99.9% effectiveness against human coronavirus. Yes, products like Lysol and Clorox are effective in disinfecting the previously seen (old) human coronavirus. Still, these products are equally effective against novel (new) coronavirus that has not been proven yet.

‣ Myth: "Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body can kill the coronavirus."

Fact: No, according to the WHO, if the virus has already entered your body, then the virus will not die by a spray of alcohol or chlorine. In fact, spraying can damage your mucous membranes (i.e., eyes, mouth). You need to be careful as both alcohol and chlorine are used to disinfect the surfaces with appropriate advice.

‣ Myth: "China sought court approval to kill 20,000 coronavirus patients."

Fact: An article published on the website AB-TC claimed that the Chinese government was seeking approval from the country’s Supreme People’s Court to kill 20,000 coronavirus patients to prevent the virus from spreading further. But a US-based fact-checking website Snopes proved the claim to be absolutely false by fact-checking. According to Snopes, this website has a history of spreading misinformation, and this website is full of junk news.

‣ Myth: "It is not safe to receive a letter or a package from China."

Fact: No, this is not true at all. According to the WHO, people who are receiving a letter or a package from China are not at risk of contracting the new coronavirus. Previous analyzes have shown that coronavirus cannot survive for a long time in objects such as letters or packages.

‣ Myth: "Traces of coronavirus have been found in some Asian foods that people have to avoid eating."

Fact: Some time ago, a post on social media was viral that in some Asian foods, traces of coronavirus have been found. Those foods include wagyu beef, Yakult, Nongshim Onion Ring snacks, Mi Goreng instant noodles, Lipton peach-flavored iced tea, fortune cookies, two varieties of rice, and Red Bull. In the post, it was being claimed that the statement has been confirmed by the New South Wales Ministry of Health. But later, the New South Wales Ministry of Health rejected this claim in a tweet and said that this post is fake and did not originate from NSW Health or any related institution.

‣ Myth: "Pets at home can spread the new coronavirus."

Fact: Currently, there is no evidence that pets such as dogs or cats can be infected with the coronavirus. However, if you come in contact with any animal, you should always wash your hands thoroughly with soap. By taking care of your hygiene, you can protect yourself from bacteria like E.coli and Salmonella, which are easily transferred from animals to humans.

‣ Myth: "You can get coronavirus from drinking Corona Beer."

Fact: No, not at all. There is no link between coronavirus and corona beer. You cannot be infected with coronavirus by drinking Corona beer. Unless you share a bottle or glass of beer with a coronavirus infected person.

‣ Myth: "Vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus."

Fact: No. According to WHO, vaccines against pneumonia do not provide protection against the new coronavirus. The coronavirus is very new and different, so it requires a separate vaccine. Researchers around the world are engaged in the manufacture of the coronavirus vaccine. Although these vaccines are not effective for coronavirus, vaccination against respiratory diseases is highly recommended to protect your health.

‣ Myth: "Coronavirus can spread by farting."

Fact: No, in reality, it is not possible. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of Beijing’s Tongzhou district has written a long article in their WeChat account in which they have clarified that farts cannot infect you unless you smell the fart of a pantless patient closely.

‣ Myth: "Regularly rinsing your nose with saline can help prevent infection with the new coronavirus."

Fact: No, according to the WHO, there is no evidence that regular cleaning of the nose with saline has prevented people from coronavirus infection. Regularly cleaning the nose with saline helps people recover quickly from the common cold, but this has not been found in the case of respiratory diseases.

‣ Myth: "Coronavirus infection is just a common cold or flu."

Fact: The symptoms of the new coronavirus are similar to those of the common cold or flu, but the two diseases are very different from each other. People also often compare COVID-19 to the flu, but we have a vaccine for prevention and medications to treat the flu. But there is no such treatment or vaccine available in the case of COVID-19.

‣ Myth: "Eating garlic can help prevent infection with the new coronavirus."

Fact: No, this is not true. There is no doubt that garlic is a healthy food that can kill microorganisms or can at least stop their growth. However, there is currently no evidence that people have been saved from the new coronavirus by eating garlic.

‣ Myth: "Warm weather will slow down the coronavirus."

Fact: It is true that some other viruses, such as common cold and flu, spread less in the summer season than in the winter season. But we cannot exactly compare this new coronavirus to other viruses because much more is yet to be known about its communication, severity, and investigation. So, unfortunately, it is difficult to know whether the hot weather will slow down the new coronavirus.

COVID-19 Update: Coronavirus can survive in both hot and humid climates: WHO

‣ Myth: "Putting on sesame can help block the new coronavirus from entering your body."

Fact: No, sesame oil does not kill the new coronavirus. According to the WHO, some chemical disinfectants such as bleach/chlorine-based disinfectants, either solvents, 75% ethanol, peracetic acid, and chloroform, are effective in killing coronavirus in surfaces. But those chemical disinfectants should not be used in the skin as it can be dangerous.

‣ Myth: "Chicken soup will stop the coronavirus."

Fact: It is not correct to say that chicken soup will stop the coronavirus; instead, it is right to say that chicken soup helps in fixing the mood of a sick person. Studies have shown that the ingredients of chicken soup, such as chicken, carrots, and garlic, boost the body’s immune system. Additionally, chicken contains high amounts of the amino acid tryptophan, which helps to produce a neurotransmitter called serotonin, which makes the sick person feel comfortable.

‣ Myth: "New coronavirus affects only older people."

Fact: No. According to the WHO, people of all ages can be infected with the new coronavirus. However, older people and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) have a higher chance of getting infected with the new coronavirus than others. Therefore, all people, whether they are children, or adults, or older people, all need to take the same precaution to protect themselves.

‣ Myth: "Eating kimchi can prevent a coronavirus infection."

Fact: No, this statement is false. A few weeks ago, Kimchi, a Korean staple dish made from fermented cabbage, chili peppers, and garlic, was famous all over the internet. People were claiming that eating Kimchi can prevent a coronavirus infection. But later, South Korea’s Health Ministry disproved this claim and said, “Kimchi provides no protection against the new type of coronavirus. The best way to prevent the novel coronavirus is to wash hands frequently.”.

‣ Myth: "Antibiotics are effective in preventing and treating the new coronavirus."

Fact: No, antibiotics only act against bacteria and not viruses. And since COVID-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus, in this case, antibiotics cannot be used in any way to prevent or treat it. However, if you are hospitalized for COVID-19, and you also have a bacterial infection, then, in this case, you may need antibiotics.

‣ Myth: "Cow dung and urine are effective cures for COVID-19."

Fact: No. Cow dung and urine are only excreta, which have nothing to do with coronavirus. No scientific study has been revealed so far that talks about the antiseptic properties of cow dung and urine. Therefore, it is complicated to say whether cow dung and urine can protect us from infection of any virus-like coronavirus.

‣ Myth: "Drinking a bleach solution (also known as MMS, or Miracle Mineral Solution) will prevent you from getting the coronavirus."

Fact: No. There is no scientific evidence that drinking bleach, MMS, or other sodium chlorite products will help prevent disease. Instead, the FDA has stated in one of its posts that the use of sodium chlorite products is dangerous, so it should be stopped immediately.

CHAPTER 8:

Coronavirus Frequently Asked Questions

COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Want to find out more about the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Got questions? We’ve got answers!

Below you’ll find answers to the questions we get asked the most about the novel coronavirus.

Novel Coronavirus is a new virus in the coronavirus family that has never been seen before.

Yes, there are seven types of coronavirus. 


The four coronaviruses that are common and not too dangerous are:


‣ 
229E (alpha coronavirus)
‣ NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
‣ OC43 (beta coronavirus)
‣ HKU1 (beta coronavirus)


Other three coronaviruses that can cause great harm to humans are:


‣ 
SARS-CoV (beta coronavirus)
‣ MERS-CoV (beta coronavirus)
‣ COVID-19 (previously known as 2019-nCoV)

COVID-19 is the official name of the disease caused by a novel coronavirus. In COVID-19, ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona,’ ‘VI’ for ‘virus,’ ‘D’ for disease, and ‘19’ for the year 2019.

No. ‘COVID-19’ and ‘2019-nCoV’ are the different names of the same disease. Formerly, the disease caused by novel coronavirus was referred to as ‘2019-nCoV’, but on February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization renamed the illness to ‘COVID-19’.

Wuhan, the capital of Central China’s Hubei province.

Researchers believe the COVID-19 infection spread to humans from animals. And animals suspected of spreading the virus are pangolins, bats, and snakes.

Most common symptoms of COVID-19 may include:


‣ 
Fever
‣ Fatigue
‣ Dry cough
‣ Shortness of breath
‣ Myalgia
‣ Pneumonia


Less common symptoms of COVID-19 may consist of:


‣ 
Runny Nose
‣ Nausea
‣ Vomiting
‣ Dizziness
‣ Diarrhea
‣ Sore throat
‣ Headache


The complete list of symptoms is still under analysis.

The coronavirus spreads from person-to-person.

‣ First, when a sick person releases small droplets of saliva or mucus from his mouth or nose while coughing or sneezing, and some other people near him come in direct contact with those droplets.

‣ Second, when small droplets of saliva or mucus released by a sick person land on objects and surfaces, which is later touched by someone. 

Studies so far have shown that coronavirus spreads only through exposure to respiratory droplets.

The risk of spreading coronavirus from a person without symptoms is very low. But many people who are infected with coronavirus initially show very mild symptoms; by looking at them, it may seem that they are completely healthy. So it is possible to get coronavirus infection from someone who, for example, is feeling a mild cough but is not ill.

Coronavirus is generally believed to spread from person-to-person via respiratory droplets. There is currently no evidence to support the food-related transmission of coronavirus. However, it is important to always wash your hands with soap and water before cooking or eating.

You can reduce the chances of getting infected or spreading coronavirus by taking a few simple precautions. Properly washing your hands is one of the most important things you can do to help prevent and control the spread of coronavirus. Visit the COVID-19 Protection Section to learn more about how to protect yourself from COVID-19.

It depends on where and with whom you are. If you are in an area or with a person where the virus outbreak has just started gaining momentum, there is a higher risk of infection from coronavirus.

Researchers are still learning about how coronavirus affects people. However, some research has shown that older people and individuals with pre-existing medical conditions develop more severe illnesses than others.

You should get tested of coronavirus, if:


‣ 
you are feeling sick with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing.
‣ have been in close contact with a coronavirus infected person.
‣ you live in or have recently traveled from an area with the ongoing spread of coronavirus.

No, antibiotics only act against bacteria and not viruses. And since COVID-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus, in this case, antibiotics cannot be used in any way to prevent or treat it.

No vaccine or medicine has been developed yet for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus.

Wear the mask only if you are feeling ill with COVID-19 symptoms such as cough. If you are not sick and wearing a mask, then keep in mind that you are wasting the mask. The shortage of masks is going on all over the world, so you are most requested to use the masks carefully.

The incubation period means the time between a person being infected with the virus and showing symptoms after the infection. According to most studies, the incubation period of coronavirus is from 1 day to 24 days.

No, there is no evidence so far that a pet has been infected with coronavirus or a pet has spread coronavirus.

It is not sure how long the coronavirus can survive on a surface. But studies suggest that this novel coronavirus, like any other coronavirus, can remain on a surface for a few hours to a few days.

Yes, firstly, there is very little chance of an infected person to contaminate a package. Subsequently, after transferring the package in different conditions and temperatures, the chances of infecting a person are nearly zero.

CHAPTER 9:

Coronavirus Outbreak in Real-time

COVID-19 in Real Time: Here's How the Coronavirus is Spreading Rapidly

The World Health Organization (WHO), Johns Hopkins University, and other institutions have created useful dashboards to track COVID-19 outbreaks worldwide, where you can easily access real-time statistics on active cases, deaths, and recoveries of Coronavirus Disease 2019.

And since these useful dashboards are already available at your service and are providing accurate data, we will not publish any other data tracker on Healthroid.

Johns Hopkins's Real-Time Data:

Here is a dashboard published and hosted by Johns Hopkins University that shows the number and location of confirmed COVID-19 cases, deaths, and recoveries in all affected countries.

In this dashboard, you can filter COVID-19 confirmed cases, death cases, and recovered cases by country/region.

If you are unable to see this dashboard in mobile phones, then a mobile-friendly version of the embedded panel is available here.

World Health Organization's Real-Time Data:

The World Health Organization (WHO) has also published a dashboard similar to that of Johns Hopkins. This real-time dashboard also provides information about confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19 worldwide.

If you want to see information about COVID-19 cases of a specific country/region, you can filter the data from the right top corner.

Healthmap and Other Contributor's Real-Time Data:

The University of Oxford, Healthmap, Harvard Medical School, Boston Children’s Hospital, Northeastern University, Oxford Martin School, together with several other contributors, have prepared a data map of COVID-19 outbreak cases worldwide by taking help from government reports and news media.

The specialty of this data map is that by clicking on its map, you can easily find the data of confirmed cases of a particular location.

Also, if you click the “Animate Spread” button on the map, you can see in the animation how the coronavirus is making its mark around the world.

COVID-19 Fact: This is the first time in history when a global virus outbreak data has been opened in this way to the world.

CHAPTER 10:

Coronavirus Outbreak Timeline

Here is a Timeline of Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak:

To get a complete understanding of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is important to first know about the worldwide coronavirus outbreak.

Here’s a timeline of what we know so far about the coronavirus outbreak.

EARLY DECEMBER 2019

The first case of coronavirus was misdiagnosed on December 1, 2019, and none of his family members had fever or any respiratory symptoms. The patient had no history of exposure to the South China seafood market, and no epidemiological link was found between subsequent cases. (Source)

DECEMBER 30, 2019

Dr Li Wenliang informed his fellow doctors about the virus outbreak through a Wechat group. However, four days later he was told to sign a letter by the Public Security Bureau for not making false comments and not spreading rumours in the future. (Source)

DECEMBER 31, 2019

For the first time, China provided the WHO with information about pneumonia cases arising from unknown causes. (Source)

JANUARY 1, 2020

Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market was closed on January 1, 2020 for sanitary procedures and disinfection. (Source)

JANUARY 3, 2020

The Ministry of Health Singapore announced that they would conduct a temperature screening of every person traveling on the flight from Wuhan at Changi Airport. (Source)

JANUARY 7, 2020

The WHO announced that the pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan is due to a newly emerging member of the coronavirus family. (Source)

JANUARY 8, 2020

South Korea reports first possible case of novel coronavirus. (Source)

JANUARY 11, 2020

Chinese authorities confirmed the first death from this new virus. (Source)

JANUARY 13, 2020

For the first time, a case of coronavirus was confirmed in Thailand, outside of China. (Source)

JANUARY 14, 2020

WHO stated that there is evidence of human-to-human transmission of coronavirus. (Source)

JANUARY 15, 2020

Japan's health ministry confirmed the first case of infection from the new coronavirus. (Source)
China says second person dies in Wuhan coronavirus outbreak. (Source)

JANUARY 17, 2020

Thailand has confirmed the second coronavirus case, a 74-year-old elderly woman who arrived in Bangkok by flight from Wuhan. (Source)

JANUARY 18, 2020

Despite the officials knowing that the Coronavirus has spread, the Wuhan City government organized an annual banquet to celebrate the Chinese New Year, in which about 40,000 families were present. (Source)

JANUARY 19, 2020

For the first time in China, after the city of Wuhan, one in Guangdong and two in Beijing were found to be infected with coronavirus. (Source)
The death of a third person from coronavirus in Wuhan city was confirmed. (Source)

JANUARY 20, 2020

The investigation team of China's National Health Commission confirmed for the first time that human-to-human transmission of coronavirus is possible. (Source)
Singapore extends coronavirus screening to all inbound China flights. (Source)

JANUARY 21, 2020

First US case of Wuhan coronavirus confirmed by CDC. (Source)
The WHO released the Coronavirus Outbreak Situation Report. (Source)
North Korea bans foreign tourists as coronavirus spreads. (Source)

JANUARY 22, 2020

The WHO released the second situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Public transportation such as bus, subway, ferry and long-distance bus were temporarily closed in Wuhan city. (Source)

JANUARY 23, 2020

The WHO released the third situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
MOH expands travel advisory, now urges Singaporeans to avoid travel to Hubei province. (Source)

JANUARY 24, 2020

The WHO released the fourth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Nepal confirmed its first case, a student who returned from Wuhan. (Source)
First confirmed cases in Europe as France declares three coronavirus infections. (Source)

JANUARY 25, 2020

The WHO released the fifth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Australia confirmed its first four cases, one in Victoria and three in New South Wales. (Source)
Malaysia reported its first three cases of coronavirus infection. (Source)
Canada confirmed its first case of coronavirus infection. (Source)

JANUARY 26, 2020

The WHO released the sixth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Shanghai reported its first death of an 88-year-old man from coronavirus. (Source)
The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has started developing vaccines against the novel coronavirus. (Source)

JANUARY 27, 2020

The WHO released the seventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Canada confirms second presumptive case of Wuhan novel coronavirus. (Source)
The Sri Lankan Health Ministry confirms its first case of coronavirus, a 43 year old Chinese woman. (Source)
Cambodia confirms its first case of the virus, a Chinese man who came with his family. (Source)
Germany confirmed its first case of domestic transmission. (Source)
Taiwan reports its first case of domestic transmission of the coronavirus. (Source)

JANUARY 28, 2020

The WHO released the eighth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Thailand's health minister, Anutin Charnvirakul, states that “we are not able to stop the spread” of coronavirus in the country. (Source)
The Brazilian Ministry of Health reports three suspected cases. (Source)
Doherty Institute scientists first to grow and share Wuhan coronavirus. (Source)
White House considers ban on flights to China amid coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Australia planned to evacuate citizens from Wuhan. (Source)

JANUARY 29, 2020

The WHO released the ninth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Tibet reported its first suspected case. (Source)
The UAE confirms its first case. (Source)
Finland reports its first case of the virus. (Source)
Air Canada suspends all direct flights to China as coronavirus spreads. (Source)
Chinese esports teams and leagues changed schedules and locations based on the recent outbreak of the coronavirus. (Source)
Whole world must be ready to deal with coronavirus, says WHO. (Source)
4 arrested in Malaysia for spreading fake news on coronavirus. (Source)
US, China and Russia rush to work on vaccine as coronavirus spreads. (Source)
UNICEF ships 6 metric tons of supplies to support China’s response to Novel Coronavirus outbreak. (Source)

JANUARY 30, 2020

The WHO released the tenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Tibet confirms its first case, which was previously suspected. (Source)
India confirms its first case of coronavirus in a student who had returned from Wuhan University to the Indian state of Kerala. (Source)
Finland reports its first case of the virus. (Source)
Philippines confirms its first case of coronavirus. (Source)
Italy confirms its first two cases of novel coronavirus. (Source)
The US confirmed first case of human to human transmission within the United States. (Source)
LPGA cancels March event in China due to coronavirus. (Source)
Jack Ma pledges 14 million dollars for developing coronavirus vaccine. (Source)
IKEA closes all stores in China over new coronavirus. (Source)
WHO declares coronavirus outbreak a Global Health Emergency. (Source)

JANUARY 31, 2020

The WHO released the eleventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Two people from the same family have tested positive for coronavirus in the UK. (Source)
Spain confirms its first case of coronavirus. (Source)
Sweden reports its first case of the virus. (Source)
Chinese health experts warn the public that coronavirus patients can become reinfected. (Source)
India bans export of all kinds of respiratory masks. (Source)
DOH announces disease’s official name: 2019-nCoV ARD. (Source)

FEBRUARY 1, 2020

The WHO released the twelfth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Philippines confirms first coronavirus death outside China. (Source)
China reports outbreak of deadly bird flu among chickens in Hunan province, close to coronavirus epicentre of Wuhan. (Source)
Apple temporarily closes all 42 stores in China as coronavirus spreads. (Source)

FEBRUARY 2, 2020

The WHO released the thirteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
China builds new hospital in 10 days to combat coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 3, 2020

The WHO released the fourteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Hong Kong has reported its first coronavirus death. (Source)
China's coronavirus hospital built in 10 days opens its doors. (Source)
Indonesia banned flights from China. (Source)
Pakistan refuses to airlift and evacuate its citizens from China. (Source)
Vatican delivers 600,000 masks to help combat coronavirus in China. (Source)
Study finds more evidence that new coronavirus is linked to bats. (Source)

FEBRUARY 4, 2020

The WHO released the fifteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Newborn becomes youngest person diagnosed with virus. (Source)
First case of coronavirus confirmed in Belgium. (Source)
Wuhan creates more hospitals as demand for beds surges. (Source)
Coronavirus shuts casinos in the world’s biggest gambling hub Macau. (Source)
Hyundai halts Korea production as coronavirus causes parts shortage. (Source)
FDA approves emergency use of coronavirus test. (Source)

FEBRUARY 5, 2020

The WHO released the sixteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Bill Gates donates $100 million to combat coronavirus. (Source)
WHO launches $675 million preparedness plan in response to coronavirus outbreak. (Source)

FEBRUARY 6, 2020

The WHO released the seventeenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Chinese doctor who sounded the alarm about the virus dies. (Source)
Hong Kong faces toilet paper shortage amid coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Chinese scientists developing a coronavirus vaccine apply for a patent on an American drug. (Source)

FEBRUARY 7, 2020

The WHO released the eighteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
China scientists identify Pangolin as possible coronavirus host. (Source)
After the death of a doctor's coronavirus in China, people expressed their anger on social media with the "We demand freedom of speech" hashtag. (Source)
WHO warns of global shortage of face masks and protective suits. (Source)
US pledged $100 million for China to fight Coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 8, 2020

The WHO released the nineteenth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
China's National Health Commission has given the virus a temporary official name – novel coronavirus pneumonia, or NCP. (Source)
Wuhan Leishenshan Hospital starts to admit coronavirus patients. (Source)
American dies of coronavirus in China. (Source)

FEBRUARY 9, 2020

The WHO released the twentieth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Amazon withdraws from MWC over coronavirus-related concerns. (Source)
China allocates $10 billion to contain coronavirus as death toll outstrips 2003 SARS outbreak. (Source)
Coronavirus is airborne, Chinese officials confirm. (Source)
WHO sends international experts team to China. (Source)

FEBRUARY 10, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-first situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Top Hubei health bosses fired as China virus toll passes 1,000. (Source)
Donald Trump expects Coronavirus to disappear in the month of April. (Source)
New study finds incubation period of Coronavirus up to 24 days. (Source)

FEBRUARY 11, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-second situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
USPS suspending guarantee on Priority Mail Express to China. (Source)
British Airways extends China flight cancellations. (Source)
Coronavirus super-spreader revealed as Steve Walsh. (Source)
WHO warns of ‘very grave’ global threat. (Source)
Coronavirus disease named COVID-19. (Source)

FEBRUARY 12, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-third situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Scientists, financiers meet to develop vaccine for COVID-19. (Source)
Mobile World Congress canceled because of coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Chinese Grand Prix postponed due to coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 13, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-fourth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
The coronavirus will cause global oil demand to shrink for the first time in a decade. (Source)
The coronavirus has reportedly spread to North Korea. (Source)
China says Australia’s travel ban is an overreaction. (Source)

FEBRUARY 14, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-fifth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
China’s doctors, fighting the coronavirus, beg for masks. (Source)
Coronavirus is more infectious but less deadly than SARS and Ebola. (Source)
Harvard professor says Global Coronavirus Pandemic is likely. (Source)

FEBRUARY 15, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-sixth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
France confirms first death in Europe from Coronavirus. (Source)
India to send medical supplies to China. (Source)
Coronavirus still an emergency for China, says WHO chief. (Source)

FEBRUARY 16, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-seventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Xi had early knowledge of coronavirus severity, speech shows. (Source)
New, detailed images of novel coronavirus released by US lab. (Source)
Taiwan confirms first coronavirus death. (Source)
Facebook canceled an annual San Francisco conference because of coronavirus concerns. (Source)

FEBRUARY 17, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-eighth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Coronavirus causes mild disease in four in five patients, says WHO. (Source)
Apple warns revenue will be lower than expected because of coronavirus impact. (Source)
Head of Wuhan hospital HAS died of coronavirus. (Source)
Tokyo Marathon canceled for most runners in an effort to slow coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 18, 2020

The WHO released the twenty-ninth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Chinese scientists say coronavirus illness symptoms peaked on February 1. (Source)
Russia to temporarily ban Chinese nationals amid coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
'SARS-like damage' seen in dead coronavirus patient in China. (Source)
Coronavirus not man-made, originated from nature: Chinese envoy. (Source)

FEBRUARY 19, 2020

The WHO released the thirtieth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Novel coronavirus appears to be stabilizing in China amid fears of new outbreak in Japan. (Source)
China reports dramatic drop in coronavirus cases. (Source)
Oil rises more than 2% as coronavirus fears ease. (Source)
Adidas and Puma warn of coronavirus sales drag. (Source)

FEBRUARY 20, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-first situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
South Korea says COVID-19 cases doubled In 24 hours. (Source)
Experts say confusion over coronavirus case count in China is muddying picture of spread. (Source)
South Korea and Vietnam are asking millions to stay home to avoid coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 21, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-second situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Italy towns shut schools, businesses after recording first coronavirus death in Europe. (Source)
US prepares for possible coronavirus pandemic, WHO officials say. (Source)
Lebanon confirms first case of coronavirus, two more suspected. (Source)

FEBRUARY 22, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-third situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
WHO concerned about coronavirus cases with no clear link. (Source)
Samsung confirms one coronavirus case at phone factory complex in South Korea. (Source)
Australian scientists develop vaccine candidate. (Source)

FEBRUARY 23, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-fourth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Four patients test positive for coronavirus in England after cruise ship evacuation. (Source)
Turkey closes border with Iran amid coronavirus concerns. (Source)

FEBRUARY 24, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-fifth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Iran’s deputy health minister positive for COVID-19. (Source)
Trump requests $2.5 billion from Congress to fight coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 25, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-sixth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Greece confirms first coronavirus case. (Source)
Coronavirus could force cancellation of Tokyo Olympics. (Source)
U.S. health officials urge Americans to prepare for spread of coronavirus. (Source)

FEBRUARY 26, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-seventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
More new coronavirus cases outside China than inside: WHO. (Source)
Coronavirus has now spread to every continent except Antarctica. (Source)
CDC confirms first possible community transmission of coronavirus in US. (Source)

FEBRUARY 27, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-eighth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump says coronavirus will 'disappear' eventually. (Source)
California monitoring 8,400 people for coronavirus. (Source)
First coronavirus case confirmed in Northern Ireland. (Source)
Japan to close all schools to halt spread. (Source)

FEBRUARY 28, 2020

The WHO released the thirty-ninth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
First case in Wales confirmed. (Source)
First British coronavirus death confirmed. (Source)
First coronavirus case confirmed in Northern Ireland. (Source)
Nigeria confirms first coronavirus case in sub-Saharan Africa. (Source)

FEBRUARY 29, 2020

The WHO released the fortieth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
US imposes travel restrictions after confirming 1st coronavirus death. (Source)
South Korea reports more than 800 new cases. (Source)
France bans large indoors gatherings in bid to curb virus. (Source)

MARCH 1, 2020

The WHO released the forty-first situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump announces new coronavirus screening procedures for travelers to US. (Source)
Coronavirus outbreak could force UK to shut down entire cities, health secretary admits. (Source)
School in Dublin closed for 14 days. (Source)

MARCH 2, 2020

The WHO released the forty-second situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Top adviser to Iranian supreme leader Khamenei dies of coronavirus. (Source)
Two new cases reported from India. One from Delhi, other from Telangana. (Source)

MARCH 3, 2020

The WHO released the forty-third situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
8% of Iran's parliament has coronavirus. (Source)
Trump donates $100K paycheck to coronavirus fight. (Source)
15 Italian tourists test positive for coronavirus in Delhi. (Source)

MARCH 4, 2020

The WHO released the forty-fourth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Australia warns millions could become infected as China toll passes 3,000. (Source)
James Bond movie ‘No Time To Die’ release delayed until November due to coronavirus. (Source)
WHO says the coronavirus global death rate is 3.4%, higher than earlier figures. (Source)

MARCH 5, 2020

The WHO released the forty-fifth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
China has made eating wild animals illegal after the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
First UK death confirmed. (Source)
India shuts Delhi schools, imposes new travel restrictions over coronavirus. (Source)
India coronavirus cases spike, Switzerland has first death. (Source)

MARCH 6, 2020

The WHO released the forty-sixth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump signs $8.3 billion emergency coronavirus spending package. (Source)
First coronavirus case confirmed at Vatican. (Source)
Starbucks bans reusable cups to help tackle spread. (Source)
Coronavirus cases pass 100,000 globally. (Source)

MARCH 7, 2020

The WHO released the forty-seventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Italy reports biggest daily jump in death toll. (Source)
China sees lowest number of cases within single day since count began. (Source)
Hotel used for quarantine collapses in China killing four. (Source)
Florida reports its first 2 coronavirus deaths. (Source)

MARCH 8, 2020

The WHO released the forty-eighth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Italy announces lockdown as global coronavirus cases surpass 105,000. (Source)
Indian Wells Tennis Tournament canceled because of coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Iran sees deadliest day of coronavirus outbreak with 49 fatalities. (Source)

MARCH 9, 2020

The WHO released the forty-ninth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Coronavirus epidemic is close to a pandemic, WHO says. (Source)
Head of the New York/New Jersey port authority has coronavirus. (Source)

MARCH 10, 2020

The WHO released the fiftieth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Coronavirus death toll jumps 36% to 631 in Italy. (Source)
UK health minister tests positive for coronavirus. (Source)
Coachella delays 2020 edition due to coronavirus concerns. (Source)

MARCH 11, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-first situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
WHO declares the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic. (Source)
Tom Hanks, Rita Wilson test positive for coronavirus. (Source)
NBA suspends season as player tests positive for coronavirus. (Source)
Juventus defender Daniele Rugani tests positive for coronavirus. (Source)

MARCH 12, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-second situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Brazilian official who posed for photo with Trump tests positive for coronavirus. (Source)
Disney shutting theme parks in California, Florida over coronavirus. (Source)

MARCH 13, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-third situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Donald Trump declares national emergency. (Source)
Europe now epicentre of the pandemic, says WHO. (Source)
Trump won’t be getting a coronavirus test, his doctor says. (Source)

MARCH 14, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-fourth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
President Trump tests negative for coronavirus. (Source)
Rudy Gobert is donating $500,000 to help people affected by the coronavirus. (Source)
Google will partner with US government to develop a nationwide coronavirus website. (Source)

MARCH 15, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-fifth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Boris Johnson to hold daily coronavirus press briefings. (Source)
Italy records 368 new COVID-19 deaths - largest number in a day. (Source)
Verily’s coronavirus screening website launches with very limited access. (Source)

MARCH 16, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-sixth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Coronavirus guidelines for America. (Source)
Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson released from coronavirus treatment. (Source)
WHO: 'Test every suspected case' of COVID-19. (Source)
Actor Idris Elba says he has coronavirus but without symptoms. (Source)

MARCH 17, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-seventh situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump now claims he always knew the coronavirus would be a pandemic. (Source)
Italy rushes new doctors into service. (Source)
The Pentagon just offered ventilators for the coronavirus response. (Source)
COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic has a natural origin. (Source)

MARCH 18, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-eighth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump says he will invoke wartime act to fight 'enemy' coronavirus. (Source)
London could go into lockdown under tougher coronavirus measures. (Source)
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg says he’s working from home, too. (Source)

MARCH 19, 2020

The WHO released the fifty-ninth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump announces FDA making anti-malaria drug available to test coronavirus treatment. (Source)
Boris Johnson: UK can turn tide of coronavirus in 12 weeks. (Source)
'Every single individual must stay home': Italy's coronavirus surge strains hospitals. (Source)

MARCH 20, 2020

The WHO released the sixtieth situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Trump angrily defends his handling of coronavirus pandemic. (Source)
Italy and Spain record highest single-day death tolls. (Source)
Singer Kanika Kapoor’s COVID-19 status has politicians worried. (Source)
‘Bachelor’ star Colton Underwood tests positive for coronavirus. (Source)

MARCH 21, 2020

The WHO released the sixty-first situation report of the coronavirus outbreak. (Source)
Vice President Mike Pence tests negative for coronavirus. (Source)
PM Modi urges people not to rush to villages, avoid crowding trains. (Source)
Trump keeps promoting an unproven coronavirus treatment — despite his experts’ advice. (Source)
The FDA just approved a new rapid coronavirus test that can diagnose the virus in 45 minutes. (Source)

In this detailed outline, we have introduced you to all the recent incidents related to the coronavirus outbreak. Also, as new information is coming out, we are adding it here without wasting time.

CHAPTER 11:

What's Next?

What Will Happen Next?

The coronavirus outbreak has now spread to six continents out of the total seven continents of the world, except Antartica.

It is known that coronavirus is increasing its speed. Apart from China, coronavirus has spread its foot in many big countries like Italy, Iran, South Korea, Spain, Germany, France, and USA.

The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a global public health emergency warning on January 30, 2020, for the sixth time in its history regarding coronavirus outbreak. Here is a quick look at the other five outbreaks, in which the warnings of the global public health emergency were issued in the past.

  • Swine Flu (2009): Killed up to 203,000 people worldwide.
  • Polio Infection (2014): 359 reported cases worldwide.
  • Ebola (2014): 11,315 death cases reported in six countries.
  • Zika Virus (2016): The geographical range of Zika virus has steadily increased in 2016.
  • Ebola (2018): 2,196 death cases reported worldwide.

The WHO defines the global public health emergency as “an extraordinary event which is determined to constitute a public health risk to other states through the international spread of disease and to potentially require a coordinated international response”.

The WHO declares a disease as global public health emergency only when such a situation arises which is “serious, sudden, unusual or unexpected”.

And this is actually happening. In fact, an immediate international action is required, in the case of the novel coronavirus.

Coronavirus is Now a Pandemic

The WHO, by issuing a global public health emergency warning, had expressed concern about a situation, it is now in front of all of us.

Now, World Health Organization has declared the coronavirus outbreak a global pandemic. According to WHO, the reason for declaring coronavirus as pandemic is its “uncontrolled spread”.

What is a Pandemic? How is It Different From an Epidemic?

“A pandemic is an epidemic outbreak that occurs on at least two continents at the same time.”

So, what’s an epidemic?

Well, both pandemic and epidemic terms are used interchangeably during the outbreak of a disease according to its spread.

If the spread of a disease extends to only one continent, it is called epidemic. If at the same time, if the disease spreads in more than one continent, then epidemic itself is called pandemic.

In short: Epidemic is an outbreak that occurs in only one continent and Pandemic is an outbreak that occurs in more than one continent.

Some example of Epidemics are:

  • Indian Swine Flu Outbreak (2015): Killed up to 2,035 people.
  • Western African Ebola Virus Epidemic: Killed up to 11,300 people.
  • Plague Outbreak in Persia (1772-1773): Killed up to 2 million people.
  • Iceland’s Great Smallpox Epidemic (1707-1709): Killed up to 18,000 people.

Some example of Pandemics are:

  • Black Death Plague in Europe, Asia, and North Africa (1331-1353): Killed between 75-200 million people.
  • Flu Pandemic Worldwide (1889-1890): Killed up to 1 million people.
  • Spanish Flu Pandemic Worldwide (1918-1920): Killed up to 100 million people.
  • HIV/AIDS Pandemic Worldwide (1960-Present): Killed up to 30 million people.

As you can see, diseases are divided into epidemic or pandemic categories not based on the number of deaths but according to the spread of the diseases. So you do not need to panic unnecessarily by hearing the word pandemic.

Yes, that’s true that a coronavirus outbreak has caused pandemic first time in history. And virus is proving itself to be much more contagious than other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS.

But, so far, looking at the virus outbreak, it seems that the goal of the virus is not mass killing, but mass replication. This does not mean that you do not have to take novel coronavirus seriously.

Keep in mind coronavirus is serious and you also need to be serious to prevent it.

CHAPTER 12:

Let's Unite to Fight Coronavirus

You Can Help Prevent COVID-19

Do you know that a coronavirus infected person can infect at least two more people?

Yes, you heard that right.

Now imagine if 100 people have coronavirus infection, but they are not showing symptoms, and in the absence of information, they are wandering around you openly.

And if each one of those 100 people infects two others, then the total number of infected people will immediately rise to 300. Whose calculation is as follows:

  • 100 old infected people*2= 200 new infected people
  • 300 (Total new infected people)=  100 (old infected people) + 200 (new infected people)

If 100 infected people can do so many infections, then what if the number is 1000 or 10,000?

Isn’t that frightening? Yes, it is.

Challenge

You may be wondering what you can do in such a situation? Neither you are a doctor nor a medical professional.

Well, the best thing you can do now is to stay informed and keep others informed as well. And that’s what the #AwarenessIsCure Challenge is all about.

The motive of the #AwarenessIsCure Challenge is to promote awareness of the COVID-19. Here’s the simple one-step process:

Share this Coronavirus guide with the hashtag on your social media profiles and then nominate others to do the same.

Rules for this challenge are straightforward:

First, within 24 hours of being challenged, participants have to share this guide with the #AwarenessIsCure hashtag on their social media profiles.

Then, the participant can nominate a minimum of three other people to participate in the challenge.

Everyone has the ability to contribute to protect themselves and to protect others. Let us together spread this guide to people at a rate higher than the spread rate of coronavirus. Let’s share this guide with other people so that those who are still unaware of the coronavirus also know the right way to deal with it.

Let’s unite to fight the coronavirus.

And finally we would just like to say that awareness is the cure at the moment. So the more people you can make aware, the more you can slow down the spread of coronavirus.

You can use the below buttons to share the guide.

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