Tooth Abscess: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, & - Healthroid

Tooth Abscess: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on November 17, 2022

An abscessed tooth is a painful condition in which a pocket of pus forms around the tooth. The tooth abscess can be caused by bacteria that enter the tooth through a crack or chip, or it can occur after an injury to the tooth. Treatment for an abscessed tooth usually involves antibiotics and drainage of the abscess. In some cases, the tooth may need to be removed.


A tooth abscess is a pus-filled sac that forms at the end of a tooth’s root. The main cause of a tooth abscess is an infection, which can be the result of bacteria, a cracked tooth, a cavity, or gum disease. A cracked tooth allows bacteria to enter the pulp, or innermost layer, of the tooth. Once inside the pulp, the bacteria begin to multiply and spread through the root canal system. Gum disease occurs when plaque buildup causes inflammation and infection in the gums. This can lead to an abscessed tooth if the infection spreads to the bone supporting the teeth.

Risk Factors

A tooth abscess is a serious dental condition that can result in extensive damage to the tooth and surrounding tissues. Risk factors for developing a tooth abscess include a high-sugar diet, poor oral hygiene, and dry mouth.

A high-sugar diet increases the risk of developing a tooth abscess by promoting the growth of cavity-causing bacteria. Poor oral hygiene allows these bacteria to thrive and increases the chances of food particles becoming trapped in the teeth, where they can lead to an infection. A dry mouth occurs when there is not enough saliva to keep the mouth moist and can be caused by certain medications or medical conditions. This can create an environment where bacteria can flourish, increasing the risk of infection.


Most people with tooth abscesses will have throbbing pain in the tooth and gums. The pain is often worse when lying down or when pressure is applied to the tooth. The gum around the affected tooth may be red, swollen, and tender. There may also be a foul-tasting discharge from the affected tooth. A fever, swollen lymph nodes, and feeling generally unwell are also common symptoms of a tooth abscess. If left untreated, a tooth abscess can lead to serious complications, such as cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis.


A tooth abscess is a dental infection that can be extremely painful. The good news is that it can be diagnosed relatively easily. Here’s what you need to know about how tooth abscesses are diagnosed.

Your dentist will take a look at your teeth and gums to see if there is any sign of an infection. If there is, they will likely order X-rays and a CT scan to get a better look at the affected area. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, your dentist will work with you to develop a treatment plan.

In some cases, the infection may have already spread beyond the tooth. In these instances, you may need to see an endodontist or oral surgeon for additional treatment.

Tooth Abscess


A tooth abscess is a serious dental condition that requires prompt treatment. If left untreated, a tooth abscess can lead to serious health complications. A tooth abscess is typically treated with antibiotics and/or drainage of the infected area. In some cases, a root canal procedure may be necessary to remove the infection and save the tooth. If you think you may have a tooth abscess, it is important to see your dentist right away for treatment.

Home remedies

There are a few home remedies that can help treat a tooth abscess. These include rinsing the mouth with warm salt water, applying a cold compress to the outside of the face, and taking over-the-counter pain medication. It’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible, as an abscess can lead to more serious problems if it’s not treated.


A tooth abscess is a serious dental condition that can cause immense pain and discomfort. If left untreated, a tooth abscess can lead to serious health complications. Thankfully, there are several things you can do to prevent a tooth abscess from developing in the first place.

Here are some tips for preventing a tooth abscess:

1. Practice good oral hygiene. This means brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. Additionally, you should see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.

2. Be careful when eating hard foods. Biting into hard candy or ice can crack your teeth, which provides an opening for bacteria to enter and cause an infection.

3. Avoid tobacco use. The chemicals found in tobacco can irritate your mouth and make you more susceptible to oral infections.

4. Avoid using mouthwashes that contain alcohol or high amounts of sugar. These types of mouthwash have been proven to dry out your mouth and cause tooth decay.

5. Brush and floss your teeth regularly. If you have any issues with brushing or flossing, then consider using an electric toothbrush to help get the job done.

6. Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.


A tooth abscess is a serious dental condition that can lead to a number of complications if it is not treated promptly and properly. The most common complication of a tooth abscess is cellulitis, which is an infection of the soft tissues around the abscessed tooth. This can cause swelling, redness, and pain in the affected area. If left untreated, cellulitis can spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening. Other potential complications of a tooth abscess include osteomyelitis (an infection of the bone), meningitis (an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain), and sepsis (a potentially life-threatening condition caused by infection).

When to see a doctor?

When you have a tooth abscess, you need to see a doctor right away. An abscess is a pocket of pus that forms at the site of an infection. If left untreated, an abscess can cause serious health problems.

Abscesses can be painful, so you may feel a throbbing sensation in your tooth. You may also have a fever and swollen lymph nodes. If the abscess ruptures, you may experience pain relief. However, the infection can spread to other parts of your body if it’s not treated promptly.

Your dentist will likely prescribe antibiotics to clear the infection. They may also recommend draining the abscess or performing a root canal procedure.


A tooth abscess is a serious dental condition that should be treated immediately by a dentist. If left untreated, a tooth abscess can lead to more serious problems, including infection and damage to the surrounding teeth. While there are many home remedies for tooth abscesses, it is always best to consult with a dentist before attempting any of them.

Published on November 17, 2022 and Last Updated on November 17, 2022 by: Mayank Pandey

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on November 17, 2022

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