Toenail Fungus: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, & More - Healthroid

Toenail Fungus: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on September 29, 2022

Toenail fungus is a common problem that can be difficult to treat. The fungus can cause the toenail to become thick, yellow, or brittle. It can also cause pain and swelling. If you have toenail fungus, you may be wondering how to get rid of it.

There are several options for treating toenail fungus. You can try over-the-counter antifungal creams or ointments. You can also try home remedies such as soaking your feet in vinegar or tea tree oil. If these treatments don’t work, your doctor may prescribe oral antifungal medication.

If you have toenail fungus, it’s important to seek treatment right away. The longer you wait, the more difficult the fungus will be to treat.


Toenail fungus is a common condition affecting millions worldwide. It is caused by an infection of the nail bed and plate by various types of fungi. The most common causative agents are dermatophytes, but yeasts and molds can also be responsible for this condition.

One of the leading causes of toenail fungus is poor foot hygiene. Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments such as locker rooms or public showers. Walking barefoot in these areas increases the risk of fungal infection. Additionally, wearing tight-fitting shoes or socks that do not allow proper ventilation can create a suitable environment for fungal growth.

Other factors contributing to toenail fungus include diabetes, a weakened immune system, aging, and certain medical conditions like psoriasis or peripheral vascular disease. These conditions weaken the body’s natural defense mechanisms against fungal infections. Moreover, individuals who have a history of athlete’s foot or have suffered from nail trauma are more susceptible to developing toenail fungus.

Understanding the causes behind toenail fungus is crucial for prevention and treatment purposes. By practicing good foot hygiene and avoiding high-risk situations like walking barefoot in public places, individuals can reduce their chances of contracting this bothersome infection.


Toenail fungus can cause the nails to become thick, yellow, or crumbly. It can also cause the nails to separate from the nail bed. In severe cases, the infection can spread to the bones and joints.

Symptoms of toenail fungus include:

-Thickened nails

-Yellow or discolored nails

-Nails that are crumbly or ragged

-Nails that separate from the nail bed

-Pain or tenderness in the toes

If you suspect that you have toenail fungus, it is important to see a doctor. Toenail fungus is a difficult infection to treat and it can be easily spread from person to person.


There are a few different ways that your doctor can diagnose toenail fungus. One way is to look at the nail itself and check for any discoloration, thickening, or crumbling of the nail. They may also take a small sample of the nail to be examined under a microscope. Another way to diagnose toenail fungus is to do a skin culture test, where a swab is used to collect a sample from the affected area, and then it is cultured in a lab to see if fungi will grow. Blood tests are also sometimes used to look for certain markers of fungal infections.


There are a number of different treatments for toenail fungus, including antifungal cream. The most common treatment is an oral antifungal medication, which is taken for two to three months. This medication is effective in treating toenail fungus, but it can have some side effects, such as liver damage. Another option is to use a topical antifungal cream, which is applied directly to the nail. This cream is not as effective as oral medication, but it does not have any side effects. Sometimes laser surgery may be needed to remove damaged areas of skin or nails.

Toenail Fungus

Home remedies

There are many home remedies that can effectively treat toenail fungus. One popular remedy is vinegar. Vinegar has antifungal properties and can help to kill the fungus that is causing the infection. Another common home remedy is tea tree oil. Tea tree oil is a natural antifungal agent and can be applied directly to the affected nails. Other home remedies for toenail fungus include oregano oil, lemon juice, and garlic.


There are a few things you can do to prevent toenail fungus. First, practice good hygiene and keep your feet clean and dry. Second, don’t share nail clippers or other personal items with others. Third, wear shoes that fit well and allow your feet to breathe. Fourth, avoid walking barefoot in public places. Fifth, if you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor blood circulation, be sure to see your doctor for treatment. By following these simple tips, you can help prevent toenail fungus.

Risk Factors

There are many risk factors for toenail fungus, including age, diabetes, psoriasis, athlete’s foot, and a weakened immune system. People who have had their toenails damaged or injured are also at a higher risk for developing toenail fungus. Toenail fungus is more common in men than women, and it is more likely to occur in people over the age of 60. The best way to avoid getting toenail fungus is to take good care of your feet and nails and to practice good hygiene.


Complications of toenail fungus are rare but can occur. If the fungus spreads to the surrounding skin, it can cause cellulitis, which is a serious bacterial infection. If the toenail falls off, it can leave the toe exposed to infection. In severe cases, the nail may need to be removed.

When to see a doctor?

Toenail fungus is a common problem that can cause your nails to become discolored, thick, and brittle. If you think you might have toenail fungus, it’s important to see a doctor so they can confirm the diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Here are some signs that it’s time to see a doctor for your toenail fungus:

-Your nails are yellow, brown, or black and they’re thickening or crumbling.

-Your nails have become unusually brittle.

-You’re experiencing pain in your toes or nails.

-You have diabetes or another condition that affects blood flow to your feet.


Toenail fungus is an infection that can be difficult to treat. If you have toenail fungus, you may want to consider trying one of the many available treatments. Some treatments are more effective than others, and some may have side effects. You should talk to your doctor about the best treatment for you.

Published on September 29, 2022 and Last Updated on July 25, 2023 by: Mayank Pandey

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on September 29, 2022

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