Swollen Gums: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, & - Healthroid

Swollen Gums: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on October 18, 2022

Swollen gums, also called gingival enlargement, is a condition in which the gums surrounding the teeth become abnormally large. This can cause the teeth to appear longer than usual. Swollen gums can be caused by a number of factors, including pregnancy, certain medications, gum disease, and poor dental hygiene. Treatment for swollen gums depends on the underlying cause. In most cases, home care measures such as brushing and flossing twice daily and using an antibacterial mouthwash can help reduce swelling. If these measures don’t improve the condition, you may need to see a dentist or oral surgeon for more aggressive treatment.

Causes

Swollen gums are a common problem that can be caused by a number of things, including gingivitis, plaque, infection, and hormonal changes.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums that is usually caused by a buildup of plaque. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar can irritate the gums and cause them to become swollen and inflamed.

Infection can also cause swollen gums. Gum infections are usually caused by bacteria that enter the gum tissue through a break in the tissue. This can happen after you have dental work done or if you have an injury to your gum. Infections can also be caused by viruses or fungi.

Hormonal changes can also lead to swollen gums.

Symptoms

Swollen gums, also called gingival swelling, is a common condition in which the gums become inflamed and tender. The condition is often caused by plaque buildup on the teeth, which can lead to gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). Swelling and inflammation are the main symptoms of swollen gums. Other symptoms may include bleeding gums, bad breath, pain when chewing, and gum recession. Treatment for swollen gums typically involves removing the plaque from the teeth and improving oral hygiene. In some cases, antibiotics may be necessary to clear the infection.

Diagnosis

There are a few different tests that can be done in order to diagnose swollen gums. A dentist or doctor will likely take a look at the person’s mouth and ask about any symptoms they may be experiencing. They may also gently press on the gums to see if they are tender.

Another test that can be done is called periodontal probing. This involves using a small tool to measure the depth of the pocket between the gum and tooth. If the pocket is deeper than it should be, it could be a sign of gum disease. X-rays can also be taken to check for bone loss around the teeth, which can be another sign of gum disease.

Treatment

There are a few things you can do at home to ease the discomfort of swollen gums. Rinse your mouth with a saltwater solution a few times a day. You can make this solution by mixing 1 teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of water. Another home remedy is to chew on sugar-free gum to increase saliva flow and reduce inflammation.

If home remedies don’t provide relief, see your dentist. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics or pain medication. He or she may also recommend that you use a specific toothpaste. If you have diabetes, you may be prescribed a special mouthwash to help control the effects of high blood sugar.

Prevention

Swollen gums are a common oral health problem, but there are ways to prevent them. Good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent swollen gums. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss at least once a day. Be sure to visit your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups.

If you have swollen gums, there are some things you can do at home to help relieve the pain and swelling. Rinse your mouth with warm salt water several times a day. You can also try using an over-the-counter mouthwash or toothpaste designed for sensitive gums. If home remedies don’t seem to be helping, talk to your dentist about other options.

Swollen Gums

Risk factors

There are many possible risk factors for swollen gums. One common risk factor is plaque build-up. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar can irritate gums and make them swell. Other risk factors for swollen gums include:

-Gum disease

-Crooked teeth

Pregnancy

-Hormonal changes

-Certain medications

-Smoking

If you have swollen gums, it is important to see a dentist or periodontist so that the cause can be determined and treated accordingly.

Complications

If you have swollen gums, it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible. Swollen gums can be a sign of gingivitis, which is a form of gum disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems.

When to see a doctor?

If your gums are swollen, it could be a sign of an infection. If the swelling is accompanied by pain, redness, or bleeding, you should see a doctor right away. If the swelling is just in one area, it might be caused by something like food getting stuck in your teeth. In this case, you can try flossing and brushing to remove the food particle. If the swelling is widespread, it could be a sign of gum disease.

Conclusion

If you’re experiencing swollen gums, it’s important to see a dentist as soon as possible. While swollen gums can be caused by a number of different things, including gum disease, allergies, and even pregnancy, they can also be a sign of something more serious.

In most cases, swollen gums are nothing to worry about and can be treated with home remedies like salt water rinses and over-the-counter medication. However, if your gums are persistently swollen or painful, it’s important to see a dentist to rule out any underlying dental or medical conditions.

Published on October 18, 2022 and Last Updated on October 18, 2022 by: Mayank Pandey

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on October 18, 2022

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