Subscapularis Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, & More - Healthroid

Subscapularis Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on September 06, 2022

The subscapularis muscle is located in the shoulder. It attaches the scapula to the humerus. The subscapularis muscle helps to stabilize the shoulder joint and allows for a greater range of motion.

Subscapularis pain is a condition that results when the subscapularis muscle becomes irritated or inflamed. This can happen due to overuse, injury, or repetitive motions. The pain may be sharp and shooting, or it may be a dull ache. It may be difficult to move the arm, and the pain may worsen with movement. Subscapularis pain is treated with rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication. In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended.


There are a few things that can cause subscapularis pain. One is tendinitis, which is when the tendon that attaches the subscapularis muscle to the bone becomes inflamed. This can be caused by overuse of the muscle, such as from repetitive motions like throwing a baseball. Another cause of subscapularis pain is bursitis, which is when the bursa (a small sac of fluid that cushions the muscle and tendon) becomes inflamed. This can be caused by an injury or infection. Lastly, subscapularis pain can also be caused by a tear in the muscle itself. This can happen suddenly, from an injury, or over time from overuse.


Subscapularis pain is a common condition that can cause significant discomfort. The most common symptom of subscapularis pain is a dull, aching pain in the shoulder that is worse with activity. Other symptoms may include weakness of the arm and difficulty moving the arm away from the body. The pain may also radiate down the arm and into the hand.

Subscapularis pain is often caused by overuse or repetitive motions of the shoulder. This can occur with activities such as throwing, lifting, or swimming. It can also be caused by an injury to the shoulder or rotator cuff. In some cases, subscapularis pain may be caused by arthritis or other degenerative conditions of the shoulder joint.

Treatment for subscapularis pain typically includes rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications.


There are several tests that can be used to diagnose subscapularis pain. The most common is the physical examination, which can help to rule out other causes of shoulder pain. A doctor may also order imaging tests, such as an MRI or CT scan, to get a better look at the subscapularis muscle. In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

The physical examination is usually the first test used to diagnose subscapularis pain. The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and then examine your shoulder. They will look for signs of tenderness or weakness in the subscapularis muscle. They may also test your range of motion and check for any inflammation or swelling.

Subscapularis Pain


There are a few different ways that subscapularis pain can be treated. One way is through physical therapy, which can help to stretch and strengthen the muscles around the shoulder. This can help to take some of the pressure off of the subscapularis muscle, and can also help to improve the range of motion. Another way to treat subscapularis pain is with injections of corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatory medications. These can help to reduce swelling and pain in the affected area. Surgery is another option for treating subscapularis pain, but it is generally only considered a last resort.


The best way to prevent subscapularis pain is to maintain a good shoulder range of motion and flexibility. Avoiding activities that put stress on the shoulder, such as overhead motions, can also help. If you are involved in a sport or other activity that puts stress on the shoulder, make sure to warm up properly and use appropriate stretching exercises. Wearing a support strap or brace can also help to prevent pain by stabilizing the shoulder joint.

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors that can contribute to subscapularis pain. These include:

-Repetitive overhead motions of the arm, such as those often seen in tennis or baseball players.

-A sudden, traumatic event that causes the shoulder to be dislocated or separated.

-Certain medical conditions such as rotator cuff tears, bursitis, or arthritis.

Age is also a factor, as the subscapularis tendon can become frayed and weak with age. This is often seen in older adults who have not had any prior history of shoulder problems.


One of the most common complications of subscapularis pain is reduced range of motion in the shoulder. This can make it difficult to perform everyday activities such as reaching for items on a shelf or brushing your hair. The reduced range of motion can also lead to muscle weakness and further pain. In some cases, the subscapularis tendon may become completely detached from the bone, which requires surgery to repair. Other potential complications include inflammation of the bursa (bursitis) or Rotator cuff tears.

When to see a doctor?

If you’re experiencing subscapularis pain, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. While the pain may resolve on its own, it’s important to rule out any underlying conditions that could be causing the pain. Additionally, early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent the pain from becoming chronic.

There are a few signs that indicate it’s time to see a doctor for subscapularis pain. If the pain is severe or persists for more than a few days, if there is swelling or redness in the affected area, or if you have any other symptoms like fever or chills, you should see a doctor. Additionally, if you have any reason to believe that your subscapularis pain is caused by an injury, you should also seek medical attention.


After reading about the subscapularis muscle and the pain associated with it, one can come to several conclusions. First, the subscapularis is an important part of the rotator cuff and should not be ignored if pain is present. Second, there are several potential causes of subscapularis pain, so a thorough examination by a healthcare professional is necessary to determine the cause. Third, once the cause of subscapularis pain is determined, treatment can be tailored to that specific cause.

The bottom line is that subscapularis pain should not be ignored. It can be a sign of a more serious problem, such as a rotator cuff tear, and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. If you are experiencing subscapularis pain, don’t hesitate to make an appointment with your doctor or orthopedic specialist.

Published on September 6, 2022 and Last Updated on September 6, 2022 by: Mayank Pandey

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on September 06, 2022

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