Dark Circles Under Eyes: Causes, Treatment, Prevention, & More

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on September 27, 2022

The skin under our eyes is thin and delicate, so it’s no wonder this area is the first to show signs of aging and fatigue. Dark circles under eyes can form for a number of reasons: lack of sleep, dehydration, stress, an unhealthy diet, allergies, and genetics.

Some people are more prone to dark circles than others due to how their skin produces melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives our skin its color. It also protects us from the sun’s harmful UV rays. People with higher levels of melanin are more likely to develop darker circles under their eyes.

You can do a few things to help reduce the appearance of dark circles: get enough sleep, drink plenty of fluids, reduce stress, eat a healthy diet, and use a cool compress on your eyes.


Fatigue can cause the skin under the eyes to appear darker and sunken. Allergies can also cause the skin to appear darker due to inflammation. Dehydration can cause the skin to appear dry and wrinkled, which can make the dark circles more pronounced. Age can also contribute to the formation of dark circles as the skin becomes thinner and less elastic over time. Genetics can play a role in the development of dark circles as well. If there is a history of dark circles in your family, you may be more likely to develop them yourself.


The most common symptom of dark circles under the eyes is the appearance of darker skin in the area around the eyes. This can be accompanied by other symptoms such as puffiness, redness, and irritation. In some cases, dark circles under the eyes may also be a sign of an underlying medical condition such as allergies, sinus problems, or anemia. If you have dark circles under your eyes that are accompanied by other symptoms, you should see a doctor rule out any underlying health conditions.


There are many different treatments for dark circles under the eyes, ranging from simple home remedies to more complex medical procedures.

Concealer is one of the most common and simplest treatments for dark circles. It can be applied directly to the problem area and can be easily removed with makeup remover at the end of the day.

Cold compresses can also be helpful in reducing the appearance of dark circles. Applying a cold compress to the area for a few minutes each day can help to constrict blood vessels and reduce inflammation.

Tea bags are another popular home remedy for dark circles. The caffeine in black tea can help to constrict blood vessels and reduce swelling. Simply steep two black tea bags in hot water for a few minutes, then remove and place them over your eyes for 10-15 minutes.

Retinoids help to promote cell turnover and exfoliation in the skin. This can help to reduce the appearance of dark circles, by removing excess pigmentation from the skin. Retinoids are available over the counter at drugstores and health food stores, or you can use a prescription retinoid product.

Topical creams and bleaching agents, such as hydroquinone, can also help to lighten dark circles.

Laser treatments are a more invasive but effective way of reducing the appearance of dark circles.

Chemical peels can also help to reduce the appearance of dark circles.

Tissue fillers can be injected into the skin to help reduce the appearance of dark circles, but this treatment is typically only used for temporary results.

Carboxytherapy involves the injection of carbon dioxide into the skin to reduce the appearance of dark circles. These injections are most often temporary.


To help prevent dark circles under your eyes, get enough sleep, drink plenty of water, and use hypoallergenic products.

Sleep plays an important role in maintaining your overall health, and that includes the delicate skin around your eyes. When you don’t get enough sleep, blood vessels under your skin can become dilated and give the appearance of dark circles. So aim for seven to eight hours of shut-eye per night.

Dehydration can also cause those telltale shadows. When your body doesn’t have enough fluids, blood vessels can become more visible just under the surface of your skin. To avoid dehydration, drink eight to ten glasses of water per day.

Use hypoallergenic products. If you have sensitive skin, be sure to use hypoallergenic products around your eyes. These products are free of dyes and fragrances that can irritate inflamed skin. The same goes for makeup, which should be chosen with your skin type in mind.

Dark Circles Under Eyes

When to see a doctor?

There are a few instances where you should see a doctor for your dark circles. If you have sudden onset of dark circles, it could be a sign of an underlying health condition. If the darkness is accompanied by pain, swelling, or visual changes, you should seek medical attention. Additionally, if your dark circles do not improve with home treatments after several weeks, it’s time to visit a doctor.

Before making an appointment with a doctor, it’s helpful to take note of any other symptoms you’re experiencing. This will give the doctor a better idea of what might be causing your dark circles. Be prepared to answer questions about your sleep habits, diet, and stress levels. The doctor will also perform a physical examination and may order blood tests to rule out certain conditions.


While dark circles under the eyes can be a nuisance, there are a number of ways to combat them. From home remedies like cucumber slices to store-bought creams, there is an option for everyone.

If dark circles are a persistent problem, it may be time to see a doctor. Underlying medical conditions like allergies or sleep apnea can cause dark circles. Treating the underlying condition can help get rid of the dark circles.

Overall, dark circles under the eyes are relatively easy to treat. With a little trial and error, anyone can find the right solution for them.

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on September 27, 2022

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