Top Surgery: Types, Procedure, Benefits, Risks, Cost, & More - Healthroid

Top Surgery: Types, Procedure, Benefits, Risks, Cost, & More

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on December 29, 2022

Top surgery is a type of gender confirmation surgery that many transgender and nonbinary individuals undergo to help them feel more comfortable in their bodies. Performed by a qualified surgeon, top surgery involves the removal or alteration of breast tissue to create a chest that is more congruent with an individual’s gender identity. For some trans people, this type of medical intervention can be life-changing as it removes physical barriers they may experience when attempting to present themselves as their true selves in public.

The procedure is not just about aesthetic changes though; it can also improve self-esteem and reduce dysphoria for those who have gone through the process. Individuals who have undergone top surgery often report feeling more confident and secure in their bodies after the operation, allowing them to move forward with greater self-acceptance and comfort in their own skin.

Types of top surgery

Top surgery is a gender-affirming medical procedure used to provide transgender individuals with a physical appearance that matches their gender identity. Generally speaking, top surgery refers to any surgery related to the chest area, including breast augmentation and chest contouring. The type of top surgery chosen depends on a variety of factors, such as individual body shape, size, and goals.

For instance, some transgender individuals may choose double incision top surgery for a more masculine look or nipple-areolar reconstruction if they’ve already had their breasts removed; others may opt for keyhole top surgery (also known as periareolar mastectomy) for less scarring or liposuction if they want to achieve a flatter chest without major incisions being made into the skin.

The procedure of top surgery

Top surgery, or gender-affirming chest surgery, is an important part of the transition process for many transgender individuals. This procedure can help reduce dysphoria and increase confidence in the patient’s body image. But before undergoing top surgery, it’s important to understand exactly what will be done during the procedure.

During top surgery, incisions are made in either a keyhole pattern to remove excess breast tissue or a double incision technique which removes more tissue and reshapes the remaining skin. The surgeon then lifts and reshapes the chest wall muscles before repositioning them over the rib cage and suturing them together to create a masculine appearance. Next, any remaining skin is tucked into place followed by sutures along with any necessary drains that may be needed. The entire procedure usually takes between three and four hours.

Top Surgery

Benefits of top surgery

Top surgery is a popular medical procedure for transgender individuals that helps them to achieve physical alignment with their gender identity. Top surgery is the common term for breast augmentation or reduction and can be a life-altering experience for those who have it done. It has numerous benefits both physical and emotional, which makes it an important step in transitioning for many people.

The first major benefit of top surgery is improving body satisfaction while eliminating any discomfort caused by having breasts when they do not align with one’s gender identity. This procedure can help transgender men feel more masculine and reduce dysphoria, as well as help transgender women feel more feminine in their bodies. The end result of this procedure also offers improved quality of life by reducing stress levels and alleviating mental suffering caused by gender dysphoria.

Top surgery risks

Top surgery, also known as gender affirmation surgery or chest reconstruction, is a major medical procedure used to transform the chest of a gender-nonconforming individual. It can involve either the removal of breast tissue (subcutaneous mastectomy) or the construction of a male-contoured chest (pectoral implants). While top surgery has helped many trans and nonbinary people in their gender transition process, potential patients should be aware of some related risks associated with undergoing this operation.

The first risk to consider is that of infection. As with any type of invasive surgery, there is always the possibility of infection requiring antibiotics or other treatments. Complications from anesthesia may also occur for patients who undergo general anesthesia during the procedure. Additionally, some individuals may experience scarring at their incision sites which could be hypertrophic and require additional treatment such as steroid injections. Finally, some other risks associated with top surgery are loos of the nipple, poor wound healing, swelling, and imbalanced chest tissue.

The cost of top surgery

Top surgery is a gender-affirming procedure for transgender individuals and those who identify as non-binary. It involves the removal of breast tissue from the chest, often in order to create a more masculine physical appearance. However, this life-changing procedure isn’t without its costs. Not only does it require surgery and hospitalization, but there are other financial considerations that need to be taken into account when deciding whether or not top surgery is right for you.

The cost of top surgery varies depending on where you live and which doctor you choose to perform your procedure. In general, however, it usually costs between $3,000-$7,000 with additional expenses such as anesthesia fees and operating room charges.


Top surgery is a procedure that has become increasingly popular in recent years and is used as a form of gender confirmation for transgender men and non-binary individuals. It can help them to feel more comfortable and confident in their own bodies. But there are many things to consider before making the decision to undergo top surgery, such as the risks involved, cost, recovery time, and emotional impact. To conclude our discussion on top surgery, it’s important to remember that it is ultimately an individual decision that should be made carefully with consideration of all the factors mentioned above. While there are both physical and psychological benefits associated with this procedure, it’s also important to be aware of the potential risks involved. Ultimately, however, top surgery can be an empowering experience for those who choose to have it done, allowing them to live more authentically in their bodies.

Published on December 29, 2022 and Last Updated on January 3, 2023 by: Mayank Pandey

Priyank Pandey
Written by Priyank Pandey on December 29, 2022

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