Sports and exercise are part of a balanced and healthy lifestyle. People who play sports are healthy and lead a better and stress free life. But if we talk about women players, then they are not less than anyone. Even though people feel that girls’ physical design is not made for sports, today girls are ahead of men in the playground.
But for some women players, not being able to balance their bodies and the needs of their sport can become a problem. Athlete girls exercise intensely so that they are always feet n fine according to their sport. In such a situation, due to more exercise and sports, they may have a disorder named female athlete triad.
This disease, called the Female Athlete Triad, is a combination of three conditions: eating disorganized, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. This can be a major problem for any female athlete. It has three stages, which we can also call the cause of the disorder called Athlete Triad.
Causes of Athlete Triad Disorder
Triad Factor 1: Disorganized Food
Most girls with a female athlete triad try to lose weight to improve their athletic performance. Disorganized eating and not consuming enough calories according to body can cause eating disorder.
Triad Factor 2: Amenorrhea
Exercising intensely and not eating enough calories can reduce the release of certain hormones in the body, causing a break in the menstrual cycle. As a result, the periodids may become irregular or stop altogether. Of course, sometimes it is normal to miss periods, but it is not right to be persistent. Often girls, who participate intensely in sports, may not even remember their periods. Increasing hard training and training and changing their eating habits, due to which they can become the victim of many hormonal disorders.
Triad Factor 3: Osteoporosis
Estrogen is reduced in female athletes in girls. Low estrogen levels, poor nutrition and especially low calcium intake can cause osteoporosis. Reduction in bone weight and improper bone formation leads to increased osteoporosis. This can completely ruin the career of any athlete.
Symptoms of female athlete triad
If a girl has a female athlete as a risk factor for the triad, she may already experience some symptoms and disorders. like-
- Weight loss
- Brake in menstrual cycle
- Eating disorder
- Fatigue and decreased ability to concentrate
- Fracture and other injuries
- Cold sensitivity
- Low heart rate and blood circulation
- Chest pain
Tips for Female Athlete
Keep an eye on your periods
Female athletes should take care of their period calendar and their dates. Also, remember the date when your periods start and stop or if there is particularly heavy or light bleeding. That way, if there is anything wrong with your subsequent period, you will know immediately and you will have the exact information to give to your doctor.
Do not skip meals or snacks
If you constantly go between school, practice and competitions, do not skip meals or breakfast to save you time. Also keep unsalted nuts and seeds, raw vegetables, and fruits etc. in your bag. Eat periodically according to the diet.
Take care of bone mass
Always check your weight. Along with body mass, keep an eye on bon mass. If there is a decrease in bone mass, do not change the diet, otherwise it may cause bone problems.
Source: bjsm.bmj.com (British Journal of Sports Medicine)