Hematuria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, & More - Healthroid

Hematuria: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, & More

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on June 13, 2023

Hematuria is a medical condition where blood is present in urine. This condition can be caused by various factors including urinary tract infections, bladder or kidney stones, prostate problems, and cancer. Hematuria can occur in individuals of any age and gender.

There are two types of hematuria: gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria. Gross hematuria is when blood is visibly present in the urine giving it a pink or red color while microscopic hematuria is discovered only through laboratory tests. Both types of hematuria require medical attention as they could indicate serious underlying conditions.

Diagnosing the cause of hematuria may involve physical examination, urinalysis, imaging tests such as ultrasound or CT scan, or cystoscopy which involves inserting a thin tube with a camera into the bladder. Treatment options for this condition will depend on its underlying cause but may include antibiotics for infections or surgery to remove tumors if necessary. It’s important to seek medical attention if you notice any signs of blood in your urine as early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications.


Hematuria, or blood in the urine, is a symptom that can be caused by a variety of factors. Some common causes include urinary tract infections, kidney stones, kidney disease, kidney injury, bladder or kidney cancer, and prostate problems. In women, menstrual bleeding can also cause hematuria. Additionally, some medications like anticoagulants and anti-inflammatory drugs can lead to blood in the urine.

In rare cases, hematuria may be a sign of a more serious underlying condition such as glomerulonephritis or lupus nephritis. Other potential causes include inherited disorders like sickle cell disease and Alport syndrome. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider if you experience any episodes of hematuria to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Overall, there are many potential causes of hematuria ranging from mild infections to more severe medical conditions. Seeking medical attention promptly is key to the proper diagnosis and treatment of this symptom.

Risk Factors

There are several risk factors associated with hematuria, which is the medical term for blood in the urine. These include age, sex, smoking habits, and family history. In older adults, hematuria may be a sign of bladder or kidney cancer. Men are also more likely than women to develop bladder cancer, while women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections that can lead to hematuria.

Smoking has been linked to an increased risk of developing bladder cancer as well as other cancers in the urinary system. Additionally, individuals who have a family history of kidney or bladder cancer may be at higher risk for developing these conditions themselves. Other potential risk factors for hematuria include certain medications that can irritate the urinary system and long-term exposure to chemicals such as industrial dyes and solvents.

It’s important to note that not all cases of hematuria are related to underlying health problems or risk factors. In some cases, it may occur due to physical trauma or exercise-induced stress on the body. Regardless of the cause, any instance of blood in the urine should be evaluated by a healthcare provider promptly to determine its underlying cause and appropriate treatment plan if necessary.


Hematuria is a medical condition characterized by the presence of blood in the urine. It can be either visible or microscopic. Visible hematuria refers to the presence of red or brownish urine, while microscopic hematuria is only detected through laboratory analysis.

One of the most common symptoms of hematuria is pain during urination. This pain can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and may be accompanied by burning sensations. Other possible symptoms include abdominal pain, back pain, and frequent urination.

In some cases, hematuria may not present any symptoms at all, making it difficult to detect without medical intervention. It’s important to note that while hematuria itself isn’t necessarily dangerous, it can be indicative of underlying health issues such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections (UTIs), or even cancer. If you experience any symptoms related to hematuria, it’s crucial to seek medical attention right away for proper diagnosis and treatment.


Urinalysis is one of the most commonly used diagnostic tests for hematuria, which refers to the presence of blood in the urine. It involves examining a sample of urine under a microscope to look for red blood cells, white blood cells, and other substances that may indicate an underlying condition. Urinalysis can also help determine the severity of hematuria and whether it is caused by infection, inflammation, or neoplastic growth.

Imaging tests such as CT scan, MRI, or ultrasound may be ordered if there are concerns about stones or tumors in the urinary tract causing hematuria. These tests can provide detailed images of the urinary system and help identify any abnormalities or lesions that may be causing the bleeding. Imaging can also help rule out other causes of hematuria such as kidney stones or bladder cancer.

Cystoscopy is another diagnostic test used to evaluate patients with unexplained hematuria. This procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera on its end into the urethra and up into the bladder to visually inspect it for any signs of injury or disease. Cystoscopy not only helps diagnose conditions like bladder cancer but can also be therapeutic- small tumors found in early stages via cystoscopy could be removed immediately during this process itself.


Hematuria, or blood in the urine, can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions. Treatment options will depend on the specific cause of the hematuria. For example, if the hematuria is caused by an infection such as a urinary tract infection (UTI), antibiotics may be prescribed to clear up the infection and stop the bleeding.

If kidney stones are causing hematuria, treatment options may include pain management medications, increased fluid intake to help flush out the stones, or surgery to remove larger stones. If a person has an enlarged prostate gland that is causing hematuria, medication or surgery may be recommended to relieve pressure on the bladder and prevent further bleeding.

In some cases, if no underlying condition can be identified as the cause of hematuria, further testing and monitoring may be necessary. It’s important for individuals experiencing hematuria to seek medical attention promptly in order to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.



Hydration is crucial in preventing hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine. Drinking plenty of water helps to flush out any toxins and prevent infections that could lead to hematuria. It also ensures that the urinary tract remains healthy and free from any complications.

Regular check-ups are equally important in managing hematuria. Hematuria could be a sign of an underlying medical condition such as kidney stones, urinary tract infections, or even cancer. Therefore, routine check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect these conditions early enough for effective treatment.

In conclusion, prevention and management of hematuria involve maintaining proper hydration levels through adequate water intake and regular check-ups to ensure timely diagnosis and treatment of underlying medical conditions that may cause it. It is important not to ignore any signs or symptoms associated with hematuria as they could be indicative of a more serious health problem.

When to Seek Medical Help?

If an individual experiences hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine, it is important to seek medical attention promptly. While not always a sign of a serious condition, hematuria can indicate underlying health issues such as infection, kidney stones, or cancer. Urgent care may be necessary if there are other symptoms such as pain during urination or inability to urinate.

In some cases, hematuria may require emergency care if there is significant blood loss or the individual experiences severe pain. This could indicate a more serious condition such as a ruptured bladder or kidney injury. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if these symptoms occur.

Overall, it is better to err on the side of caution and seek medical attention for hematuria rather than wait for it to potentially worsen. Healthcare professionals can help diagnose and treat any underlying conditions that may be causing this symptom.


Complications associated with hematuria can vary depending on the underlying cause. If left untreated, hematuria due to urinary tract infections (UTIs) can lead to kidney damage or even sepsis. Similarly, if caused by kidney stones or tumors, hematuria may indicate a more serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. Hematuria can also be a symptom of certain blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia, which can lead to complications such as stroke or organ damage when left untreated.

In some cases, treatment for hematuria itself may result in complications. For example, invasive procedures used to diagnose and treat bladder cancer such as cystoscopy and transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) carry risks such as infection and bleeding. Additionally, medications used to treat underlying conditions causing hematuria may have side effects that need close monitoring by a healthcare professional. It is important for individuals experiencing unexplained or recurrent hematuria to seek prompt medical evaluation in order to prevent potential complications and ensure proper diagnosis and management of the underlying condition.


In the case of hematuria, early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing serious complications. Hematuria, or blood in urine, can be a sign of various medical conditions ranging from bladder infections to bladder cancer. The earlier these conditions are detected, the easier they are to treat.

Ignoring hematuria can lead to complications such as kidney damage and even death. Therefore, it is recommended that anyone who experiences blood in their urine seek medical attention promptly. Early detection also increases the chances of successful treatment and recovery.

Overall, early detection and treatment are essential in managing hematuria and other medical conditions. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help detect potential problems before they become severe and improve outcomes for patients.

Published on June 13, 2023 and Last Updated on June 13, 2023 by: Mayank Pandey

Mayank Pandey
Written by Mayank Pandey on June 13, 2023

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